9th NOV 2015 KAALI CHAUDAS

Kali Choudas

Kali means Dark (evil) and Chaudas – Fourteenth. Thus, celebrated 14th day of Ashwin, Kali Chaudas is the day allotted to the worship of Maha-Kali or Shakti and is believed that on this day Kali killed the wicked Raktavija. Also referred to as Narak-Chaturdashi, Kali Chaudas is day to abolish laziness and evil which create hell in our life and shine light on life. The strength to protect others is referred as Kali, and if its used for God’s work it is called Mahakali.

Kali Chaudous is also attached to the legend of Lord Hanuman. Hanumanji as a baby was very hungry. Whilst lying down he saw the sun in the sky and thought it was a fruit and went to pick it. He flew into the sky and put the whole sun in his mouth causing darkness throughout the entire universe. Lord Indra requested that Hanumanji return the sun. When Hanumanji refused, Lord Indra unleashed his vajra and knocked Hanumanji down to earth releasing the Sun.

On this day we offer poojan to Hanumanji as our Kuldev to protect us from Evil. The poojan is performed with oil, flowers, chandan and sindur. Coconuts are also offered to Hanumanji and prashad of Sesame seed, ladoos and rice with ghee and sugar.

The rituals of Kali Choudas is strongly suggestive of the origin of Deepavaali as an harvest festival is performed. On this day delicacies are prepared from pounded semi-cooked rice (called Poha or Pova). This rice is taken from the fresh harvest available at that time. This custom is prevalent both in rural and urban areas especially in Western India.

On this day, a head wash and application of kajal in the eyes is believed to keep away the kali nazar (evil eye). Some say that those who are into tantra, learn their ‘mantras’ on this day. Alternatively, people offer Nived (food) to the goddess that is local to where they are originally from. This goddess is called their ‘Kul Devi’, in order to cast off evil spirits. Some families also offer food to their forefathers on this day. The second day of Diwali is known as Kali Choudas in Gujarat, Rajasthan & few part of Maharashtra. This reverence is called “Kali Chaudas or Kal Chaturdasi”.

Yamadeepdaan

yama yam zae71 Yama_danda

Dhanteras is also known as Yamadeepdaan and lamps are kept burning through the night in reverential adoration to Yama – and prayers offered to him to keep away death and despair. A very interesting story about this day is attached to the sixteen year old son of King Hima. As per his horoscope he was doomed to die by a snake-bite on the fourth day of his marriage.

On that fateful fourth day of his marriage his young wife did not allow him to sleep. She laid all the ornaments and lots of gold and silver coins in a big heap at the entrance of her husband’s palatial room and lighted infinite numbers of lamps all over the place. After all these, she went on telling stories and singing songs so that her husband is not able to sleep.

When Yam, the god of Death arrived there appearing in form of a Serpent his eyes got blinded by the dazzle of those brilliant lights and he could not enter the Prince’s chamber. So he climbed on top of the heap of the ornaments and coins and sat there whole night listening to the melodious songs. In the morning he quietly went away.

Thus the young wife saved her husband from the clutches of death. Since then this day of Dhanteras came to be known as the day of “Yamadeepdaan” and lamps are kept burning throughout the night in remembering Yam, the god of Death.

Thirteen lamps made of wheat flour and lit with oil are placed outside the house, facing southwards (direction of Lord Yama), in the evening. A lamp is never kept facing southwards except on this day. Then, reciting the following mantra one should offer obeisance: “I offer these thirteen lamps to the son (Lord Yama) of the Sun deity (Surya), so that He liberates me from the clutches of death and bestows His blessings.”

Asweyuja Bahula Thrayodasi / Dhantheran

Observed two days before Diwali, Asweyuja Bahula Thrayodasi signifies the importance of money in our life. We cannot move not even inch without money. Everybody knows that without money, it is very difficult to survive. Thus for attaining money, people to pray Lord Kubera on the day of Asweyuja Bahula Thrayodasi. This day is also known as Dhana Trayodasi or Dhanteras.
dhanteras-kuber dhanteras-par-aisi-ho-kuber-ki-krupa-ke-ap-bhi-ek-din-kuber-jaise-dhanwaan-ban-jaye-happy-dhanteras isLordKuberindiansantaclaus10 kuber-mantra-10

The Lord of finance is Kubera. Thus, if devotees pray sincerely on the Dhana Trayodasi with utmost faith, one need not worry for finance. The Kubera Mantra is recited on this day. The mantra is:

“Om Yakshaya, Kuberaya, Vysravanaya, Dhanadanyathipatiye, Dhana Dhanya Samruthideye, Dehi Dapaya Swaha”

On the day of Asweyuja Bahula Trayodasi, the devotee has to place the Kubera Yantra or Photo in the Pooja room. At the outset, one has to pray the Lord Vigneswara and then start performing pooja to the Lord Kubera and seek his blessings. One has to place Honey, Jaggery and Dry dates before the photo or Yantra and light the lamp with pure ghee.

On Asweyuja Bahula Thrayodasi, all businesspersons whitewash their shops and close their accounts. They worship goddess Lakshmi and the accounting books with coins. Some organise a doll show also. Lamps are lighted and placed at the entrance after dusk in order to combat untimely death.

Shri Kuber Puja Vidhi
Lord Kuber, who is considered treasurer of the riches of the world, is worshipped along with Sri Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth. Traditionally Shri Kuber is worshipped during Lakshmi Puja on Amavasya day. However, Shri Kuber is also worshipped on Dhan Trayodashi during five days Diwali festivities.

If you have Murti or statue of Shri Kuber then it can be used for Puja. If you don’t have Kuber Murti then as an alternate you can consider chest (Tijori, तिजोरी) or box of Jewelry, representing Shri Kuber itself and worship it. Before you start worshipping the chest, you should draw the sign of Swastik with Sindur and tie Moli (Kalaya) to it.

  1. Dhyana (ध्यान)
    First of all one should meditate and remember Shri Kuber with following Mantra.
    Puja LampKuber PujanPuja Lamp
    Shri Kuber Puja during Diwali
    Dhyana Mantra

    Manuj–Brahma–Viman–Sthitam,
    Garuda–Ratna–Nibham Nidhi–Naykam।
    Shiva–Sakham Mukutadi–Vibhushitam,
    Var–Gade Dadhatam Bhaje Tundilam॥

    Mantra Translation – I pray magnanimous Shri Kuber, Who mounts on human-form chariot, Who is master of all Nidhis (treasures) like great Garuda, Who is friend of Lord Shiva, Who is adorned with crown and other Jewelries and Who has one hand in Var-Mudra and carry Gada in the other hand.
  2. Aavahan (आवाहन)
    After Dhyanam of Shri Kuber, invoke Him with following Mantra. While calling Shri Kuber your hands should be in Aavahan Mudra in front of the chest (Aavahan Mudra is formed by joining both palms and folding both thumbs inwards).
    Aavahan Mantra

    Aavahayami Dev! Tvamihayahi Kripam Kuru।
    Kosham Vardhdaya Nityam, Tvam Pari–Raksha Sureshwar॥

    ॥ Shri Kuber–Devam Aavahayami॥
    Mantra Translation – O Dev, Devo Ke Dev–Sureshwar! I’m inviting you. Please come and dwell here to oblige me. Please protect and enrich my treasure and its riches. Hence I invoke Shri Kuber.
  3. Pushpanjali Asana (पुष्पाञ्जलि-आसन)
    Once Shri Kuber has come to the chest, take five flowers in Anjali (by joining palm of both hands) and leave them in front of the chest to offer the seat to Shri Kuber while chanting following Mantra.
    Pushpanjali Mantra

    Nana–Ratna–Samayuktam Kartya–Swar–Vibhushitam।
    Aasanam Dev–Devesh! Preetyartham Prati-Grihyataam॥

    ॥ Shri Kuber-Devay Aasanarthe Pancha-Pushpani Samarpayami॥
    Mantra Translation – It means–O Lord of Dev! Please accept the golden seat decorated with different types of jewels for my pleasure. Hence, I offer five flowers for the seat of Shri Kuber.
  4. Nav Upchara Pujan (नव उपचार पूजन)
    After this perform Shri Kuber Puja with Chandan, Akshata, Pushpa, Doop, Deep and Naivedhya while chanting following Mantras.
    Pushpanjali Mantra

    Om Shri Kuberaya Namha Padyom Padhyam Samarpayami।
    Om Shri Kuberaya Namha Shirsi Arghyam Samarpayami।
    Om Shri Kuberaya Namha Gandhakshatam Samarpayami।
    Om Shri Kuberaya Namha Pushpam Samarpayami।
    Om Shri Kuberaya Namha Dhoopam Ghrapayami।
    Om Shri Kuberaya Namha Deepam Darshayami।
    Om Shri Kuberaya Namha Naivedyam Samarpayami।
    Om Shri Kuberaya Namha Achamaniyam Samarpayami।
    Om Shri Kuberaya Namha Tamboolam Samarpayami।

  5. Puja Samarpan (पूजन समर्पण)
    After doing Pujan as described above, take Gandha, Akshata and Pushpa in left hand and leave them over or near the chest with right hand while chanting following Mantra.
    Pushpanjali Mantra

    Om Shri Kuberaya Namha।
    Anen Pujanen Shri Dhanadhyaksha-Shri Kuber Preeyatam।
    Namo Namah।

    Mantra Translation – I convey my regards to Shri Kuber! I hope Shri Kuber would be pleased with my worship. I salute Him again and again.

    It ends Shri Kuber Puja.

Mahanisha / Kali Puja

Kali puja is the day when Divine mother grace the humanity. Shakti, the Goddess personifying divine power is worshipped in three forms – Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasaraswati. The festival of Diwali in Bengal is celebrated by worshiping Mahakali and devotees also call this day as Mahanisha. It is believed that Maha Kali appeared on this day, accompanied by 64,000 yoginis.

Kal means Darkness; thus Kali takes away the Darkness that surround our life. She takes away the darkness from every individual who strives in the path of perfection by performing the spiritual disciplines of purifying austerities. Worship to Her brings peace and mental satisfaction – a devotee is always helped by the cosmic power. It is good to have faith and to offer the prayer on Kali puja to any temple or to pray at home.

Kali Puja is known as Mahanisha because the puja is held at night amidst the sound of dhol. Devotees remain awake throughout the night to worship Ma. After Durga Puja, Kali Puja is another major draw of Bengal. This puja is also held in a mass scale. There are prizes and gifts galore during this puja.

Before performing elaborate puja, the verandah of the house is specially decorated with colorful drawings in form of Alpana. The puja starts with a worship of the Guru and Ganesha, the removers of obstacles. The puja symbolizes the surrender of the devotee to Ma Kali. Each element is represented by a material symbol, such as flowers, or light etc. During the entire puja the temple resonates with the continuous chanting of the holy names of Kali. The puja ends with the offering of the arati flame, symbolic of consciousness and sweet pudding, symbolic of union with God to the devotees.

Divvela Panduga / Divili Panduga

kali_chaudas_celebration_naraka_chaturdashi_diwali_importance_ahmedabad_city_portal_2 images (2)

Divvela Panduga, the Festival of Lights is a very popular festival and is celebrated throughout the Indian Continent. In Andhra Pradesh this festival is celebrated to commemorate the victory of good over evil when Lord Krishna, with the help of his wife Satyabhama, destroyed Narakaasura, a demon king, and established his rule, the law and order and saved women from the Narakaasura’s custody.

Divvela panduga is also known as Naraka Chaturdasi, because that was the Chaturdasi (fourteenth day) of the fortnight that ends with Amavasya (New Moon Day). All through this fortnight, people decorate their homes with oil lamps and on the dark night of Amavasya is celebrated with fire works. The dark night becomes a brightly-lit night with rows of lights everywhere and fire works.

On the day of Divili Panduga, religious Telugus wake up early in the morning and take special ritual showers. They wear new clothes on this day and parents invite their daughters and sons-in-law to their home and present them new clothes. For merchants and business communities of Andhra Pradesh, Divvela panduga is worship of Goddess of Wealth, Lakshmi, and is the beginning of a New Year.

Diwali Significance

Diwali falls, the Indian festival of lights, falls on the day of ‘Amavasyaa’, when the moon does not rise and there is darkness all around…

Last Updated On: Sunday, November 3, 2013

 
 

Diwali falls, the Indian festival of lights, falls on the day of ‘Amavasyaa’, when the moon does not rise and there is darkness all around. Light, being symbol of hope and positive energy, indicates the victory of good over evil. By spreading light in every corner of our premises, we try to destroy the reign of darkness, on the night of Diwali. People decorate their premises with diyas, electric bulbs and other decorative electric lighting fixtures, to make their surroundings filled with colorful light and to make it bright and beautiful. Go through the following lines to learn more about Diwali and its significance.

What Is Diwali
Deepavali – the very name of this festival reveals its meaning. The festival is all about the lighting diyas. Later the term ‘Deepawali’ became ‘Diwali’. Deepawali or Diwali is also known as ‘the festival of lights’, because on this day, people illuminate their home and premises with diyas and colorful lights. Celebrated usually in the month of October or November, Diwali bears significance in the Hindu culture as well as among Buddhists, Sikhs and Jains. The legends connected to the festival are different for different religions.

Importance of Diwali
Diwali is the Indian festival that brings a series of festivals with it. One after another, we get a chance to celebrate five ceremonious occasions. The people of all age groups and classes with equal zeal and enthusiasm celebrate Diwali throughout India. They put on new apparels and participate in the various activities that are related to Diwali celebrations. It is a festival of celebrations such as lightings, crackers, cleanliness, colorful rangoli making, social gatherings to exchange greetings and sharing sweets with your loved ones. Diwali is a festival filled with spiritualism and religious activities, such as worship of Goddess Lakshmi, worship of Lord Ganesha, worship of Ma Kali, worship of Lord Chitragupta and worship of Govardhan Parvat.

The celebration of the five-day long festival, Diwali, begins on Aswayuja Bahula Chaturdashi and concludes on Kartika Shudha Vijaya. The first day of this festival begins with ‘Dhan Trayodashi’ or ‘Dhanteras’. After the Dhanvantari Trayodashi the second day of Diwali is ‘Narak Chaturdashi’, which is popular as ‘Chhoti Diwali’. The third day of Diwali, which is also called ‘Badi Diwali’ is the main day of celebrations of the festival of Diwali. People perform Lakshmi Pujan (worship of divine Goddess Lakshmi) on this day and offer prayers to her to bless them with wealth and prosperity. The fourth day of Diwali is devoted to Govardhan Pooja (worship of Lord Govardhan Parvat). The fifth day of the Diwali is Bhai Dooj, the time to honor the brother-sister relationship.


FIRST DAY:
Dhanatrayodashi | Yamadeepdaan | Dhan Teyras | Asweyuja Bahula Thrayodasi / Dhantheran
SECOND DAY:
Choti Diwali | Narkachaturdashi | Roop Chaturdashi | Kali Choudas | Mahanisha / Kali Puja | Divvela Panduga / Divili Panduga
THIRD DAY:
Laxmi Pujan | Chopda Pujan | Deva Divali | Sukhsuptika | Kaumudi Mahostavam | Badhausar | Balindra Pooja | Karthigai Deepam | Thalai Deepavali | Sharda Pujan | Bandi Chhor Diwas | Diyari
FORTH DAY:
Goverdhan puja | Bestavarsh | Gudi Padava | Varsha Pratipada/ Pratipad Padwa | Annakoot | Bali Padyam / Bali Pratipada |Muharat Pujan
FIFTH DAY:
Bhai Phota | Bhaubeej / Bhav-Bij | Bhai-Tika | Yamadwitheya / Bhathru Dwithiya | Gorehabba | Bhatri Ditya | Bhathru Dwithiya
RELATED FESTIVALS:
Kojagara | Labh Pancham | Tulsi Vivah


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