10th NOV 2015 ROOP/KALI CHAUDAS- HANUMAN PUJA

Narak Chaturdashi is a Hindu festival. It falls on the second day of the five days long Diwali celebration. Narak Chaudas or Narak Chaturdashiis also known as Roop Chaudas/Roop Chaturdashi, Krishna Chaturdashi and Kali Chaudas/ Kali Chaturdashi. “Kali” means Dark and “Chaudas” Fourteenth.

Narak Chaturdashi is celebrated on the 14th day of the dark half of Āshwin month, just before one day of Diwali festival. Roop Chaturdashi is celebrated to perform some Sadhana for gain of beauty and magnetism.

Abhyanga Snan

Abhyanga Snan is done in the very early in the morning on Roop Chaturdahsi or Roop Chaudas day.

Dhanteras Date: 02/11/2013 (2 November 2013)

 Abhyang Snan Muhurta 2013: 05:00 to 06:29

Duration = 1 Hour 29 Mins

Chaturdashi Tithi Begins = 21:33 on 1/Nov/2013
Chaturdashi Tithi Ends = 20:12 on 2/Nov/2013

        Abhyanga Snan Samagri

  • Fragrant perfumed soap
  • Scented oil
  • Utane (Ubtan) – This is a powder mainly containing 5 ingredients Kapur (camphor), Chandan (sandalwood), Haldi (turmeric), Rose petals extracts, Orange peel, Other flowers/herbs

 

 How to do the Abhyanga Snana?

  •  Apply the scented oil and let the skin absorb the oil for about 15-20 minutes
  • Apply the utane or ubtan
  • Rinse off with water
  • Bathe with a perfumed soap
  • Dry off
  • Dress in new clothes

 

 How to perform Kali Puja?

Kali puja is done in the night to get some special powers.

Kali Puja/Mahakali Pooja Samagri

  • Agarbatti
  • Akshata
  • Ashtagandha
  • Beatle leaves with stem
  • Black Urad Dal
  • Dhoop
  • Fire Burning Wood Sticks
  • Flowers
  • Ganga Jal
  • Ghanta – Bell
  • Gud
  • Haldi
  • Hawan Samagri
  • Household Aluminum Foils
  • Kalash
  • Kali Bahuli
  • Kapur
  • Kali Murti/Photo
  • Kapus (Cotton Balls)
  • Kumkum
  • Nariyal
  • Niranjan
  • Panch Dhatu
  • Pure Ghee
  • Purnapatra
  • Red Yellow, Green, Rangoli Colors
  • Rice Grains
  • Sandalwood Powder or Tablets
  • Seven types of grains like White Beans, Red Kidney Beans, Green Peas, Chick Peas, Brown Lentil, Gram etc
  • Shankha
  • Supari
  • Wood Burning Lighter Fluid

 

Kali chaudas pooja vidhi/ Maa kali puja vidhi in hindi

  • Place an image of Kali in a comfortable or secret area.
  • Arrange all puja samagri upon the tray very carefully.
  • Light the incense and the candle.
  • Hold the tray with both hands as you sits, focusing your attention on Kali.
  • Sound your ghanta or bell.
  • Offer haldi, kumkum and other pujan samagri to Goddess Kali.
  • Focus on clearing the energy of chakras, beginning with the root chakra at the base of your spine. The root chakra is associated with the physical body. Imagine an illuminated red-colored ball radiating from this energy source. Focus on cleansing each chakra for at least a minute, if not longer.
  • Move your energy upward, to the sacral chakra located in the area of the lower abdomen. This chakra is an intense color of orange and relates to emotions and desires.
  •  Hold the image of a swirling orange ball of energy in this area to thoroughly cleanse this chakra.
  • Lift the energy upward again to the area around your stomach and envision a bright yellow light like the sun. Cleansing the solar plexus ensures well being in all areas regarding personal power and self-control.
  • Allow the swirling light to rest momentarily at the heart chakra at the center of your chest. Cleansing this chakra with a lively green light will help to establish more balance in your life while promoting personal growth, meaningful relationships and healing.
  • Transform the light from green to turquoise as you move the energy up to your throat. Healing this area promotes communication, creative expression and trust.
  • Move the energy to the center of your eyebrows and visualize a deep indigo color. This area represents your intuition, self-realization, fearlessness and imagination. Sit with the indigo energy momentarily before moving on to the final chakra.
  • Imagine a lively violet light at the very tip of your head. Allow the color to swirl and cleanse this area of wisdom, knowingness, inspiration and awareness. This is the center of spirituality. Cleansing this chakra, along with the previous ones, will enhance your spiritual connection with the divine energy of Kali.
  • Dip your finger into the oil and anoint the spot between your eyebrows. Meditate for a moment on Kali — or read the prayer you’ve placed in her honor (aloud or not). Imagine her healing energy elevating you to a place of great spiritual consciousness, where the voices of the ego no longer speak to you. Feel the ego dissolve in the presence of Kali’s higher power.
  • Gently swing the tray from right to left (side to side) three times. And place it on the floor before Kali.
  • Dip the rose into the water and flick the droplets around you, in the area surrounding your personal space.
  • Perform Hawan in the end of the puja.
  • Sound the gong, or bell when you feel your puja is complete. This will dispense any negative energy that might still be infiltrating your space while finalizing the intentions of the puja.

Kali Maa Aarti | Kali Aarti

 After performing the Kali Puja Maha Kali aarti is sung by devotee.

Kali Mata Aarti

Maa Kali Mantra | Maha Kali Mantra

Kali Mantra

Roop Chaudas Wallpaper:-

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Kali Maa Aarti

श्री कालीमाता की आरती

मंगल की सेवा सुन मेरी देवा ,हाथ जोड तेरे द्वार खडे।
पान सुपारी ध्वजा नारियल ले ज्वाला तेरी भेट धरेसुन
जगदम्बे न कर विलम्बे, संतन के भडांर भरे।
सन्तन प्रतिपाली सदा खुशहाली, जै काली कल्याण करे ।।
बुद्धि विधाता तू जग माता ,मेरा कारज सिद्व रे।
चरण कमल का लिया आसरा शरण तुम्हारी आन पडे
जब जब भीड पडी भक्तन पर, तब तब आप सहाय करे ।।
गुरु के वार सकल जग मोहयो, तरूणी रूप अनूप धरेमाता
होकर पुत्र खिलावे, कही भार्या भोग करेशुक्र सुखदाई सदा
सहाई संत खडे जयकार करे ।।
ब्रह्मा विष्णु महेश फल लिये भेट तेरे द्वार खडेअटल सिहांसन
बैठी मेरी माता, सिर सोने का छत्र फिरेवार शनिचर
कुकम बरणो, जब लकड पर हुकुम करे ।।
खड्ग खप्पर त्रिशुल हाथ लिये, रक्त बीज को भस्म करे
शुम्भ निशुम्भ को क्षण मे मारे ,महिषासुर को पकड दले ।।
आदित वारी आदि भवानी ,जन अपने को कष्ट हरे ।।
कुपित होकर दनव मारे, चण्डमुण्ड सब चूर करे
जब तुम देखी दया रूप हो, पल मे सकंट दूर करे
सौम्य स्वभाव धरयो मेरी माता ,जन की अर्ज कबूल करे ।।
सात बार की महिमा बरनी, सब गुण कौन बखान करे
सिंह पीठ पर चढी भवानी, अटल भवन मे राज्य करे
दर्शन पावे मंगल गावे ,सिद्ध साधक तेरी भेट धरे ।।
ब्रह्मा वेद पढे तेरे द्वारे, शिव शंकर हरी ध्यान धरे
इन्द्र कृष्ण तेरी करे आरती, चॅवर कुबेर डुलाय रहे
जय जननी जय मातु भवानी , अटल भवन मे राज्य करे।।
सन्तन प्रतिपाली सदा खुशहाली, मैया जै काली कल्याण करे।|

Kali Maa Aarti

Mangal ki seva sunn meri deva haanth jod tere dwaar khade,
Paan, supari, dhwjaa naariyal, le jwala tere bhet dhare,
Sunn Jagdambe kar naa vilambe, santan ka bhndaar bhare,
Santan pratipaali sada kushali, jai kaali kalyaan kare,
Buddhi vidhata tu jagmaata, mera kaaraj siddh kare,
Charan kamal ka liya aasra, sharan tumhaari aan pade,
Jab- jab bhir padi bhagatan par, tab- tab aaye sahaye kare,
Santan pratipaali sada kushali maiyaa, jai kaali kalyaan kare,

Chir waar the sab jag mohyo, tarano roop anup dhare,
Maata hokar putra khilawe, Maata hokar putra khilawe,
kayi bhaarya bhog bhare,
Thaari mahima kab lakh barti, koti- koti kalyaan kare,
Santan pratipaali sada kushali maiyaa, jai kaali kalyaan kare,

Santan sukhdayi sada sahayi, sant khade jai- jai kaar kare,
Brahma, Mahesh sahastra fal liye, Brahma, Mahesh sahastra fal liye,
Bhet ko tere dwaar khade,
Atal singhashan baithi maata, sir sone ka chatar dhare,
Santan pratipaali sada kushali maiyaa, jai kaali kalyaan kare,

Waar sanichar kum- kum varani, jab lukand par hukum kare,
Khadag khappr trishul haanth liye, khadag khappr trishul haanth liye,
Raktbij ko bhasam kare,
Sumbh- nisumbh ko chan mei mare, Mahishasur ko pakad dale,
Santan pratipaali sada kushali maiyaa, jai kaali kalyaan kare,

Aaditwar aadi ko veera, jan apne ko kasht hare,
Kop hoyekar daanav maare, kop hoyekar daanav mare,
Chand- mund sab chur kare,
Jab tum dekho daya roop ho, pal mei sankat dur kare,
Santan pratipaali sada kushali maiyaa, jai kaali kalyaan kare,

Saumya swabhaav ghar yo maata, jinki araj Kabul kare,
Singh pith par chadhi bhawaani, Singh pith par chadhi bhawaani,
Atal bhawan mei raaj kare,
Darshan paawe mangal gaawe, siddhi saadhu tera bhet dhare,
Santan pratipaali sada kushali maiyaa, jai kaali kalyaan kare,

Brahma ved pade tere dwaare, Shiv Shankar ji dhyan dhare,
Indra, Krishna teri kare aarti, Indra, Krishna teri kare aarti,
Charan Kuber dulaye rahe,
Jai janani jai maatu bhawaani, atal bhawan mei raaj kare,
Santan pratipaali sada kushali maiyaa, jai kaali kalyaan kare,
Santan pratipaali sada kushali maiyaa, jai kaali kalyaan kare,

Goddess Kali or Mahakali is known as the Goddess of power or Shakti in Hindu religion. Generally, Maa Kali is worshiped on Kali Chaudas. Kali Chaudas festival is completely dedicated to Mahakali. Each and every Hindu sings Kali Maa Aarti. Kali aarti is sung by Hindus on Narak Chaudas after Kali puja. Sacred provides you Mahakali aarti in Hindi and English. It is also known as Mahakali Maa ni Aarti in Gujrat. You can also download Maa Kali aarti mp3 from Sacred blog. Here you can also find full aarti ofmaa kali in Hindi and other languages also.

Kali Maa Aarti Image:-

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IN: HOME > STORIES / FAMOUS INDIAN LEGENDS / THE STORY OF KRISHNA AND NARAKASURA

The Story of Krishna and Narakasura

STORIES FAMOUS INDIAN LEGENDS

bhoomi-devi

Bhoomi Devi (mother Earth) had a son named Naraka. Even though Naraka was the son of a divinity, he had the nature of a demon.  Naraka was powerful and he took pleasure in terrorising the inhabitants of the three worlds.

Narakasura would raid and plunder the kingdoms of the three worlds. He did not even leave the women and would kidnap them for his own personal harem. Narakasura heard that Indra, the king of the devas, had thousands of divine elephants in his army. Now Narakasura, greedy that he was, wanted to possess everything, so he attacked the heavens.

Indra was helpless as he watched Naraka’s minions plunder the heavens. Naraka himself began pursuit of the devas. While pursuing the devas, a glimmering object far away caught his eye. Upon inspection, he realised that the glimmering object was mother Aditi’s (the mother of the devas) earrings. He assaulted mother Aditi and grabbed her earrings.

Now Indra, feeling humiliated at his loss and even worse that his mother was assaulted, wanted revenge and he knew that there was only one person who was a match for Naraka. It was Krishna.

Indra reached Krishna’s palace when Krishna was spending quality time with his wife Satyabhama. He told Krishna about the happenings and begged him for his help. Krishna was enraged that Naraka might lay his hands on mother Aditi and said that Naraka must die for his insolence.

Satyabhama looked annoyed because Krishna was about to leave her. Wanting to please both Satyabhama and Indra, Krishna decided to take Satyabhama with him into battle.

Krishna summoned his mount Garuda (a giant eagle) and made way towards Naraka’s fortress. An impenetrable barrier of magic mountains surrounded Naraka’s fortress. The mountains were such that a barrier would come up from any side that Krishna tried to enter the fortress. Krishna, unperturbed, hurled his mace at the barrier and shattered the entire mountain range in one blow. A downpour of magical weapons rained down on them. Krishna fired multiple arrows and destroyed all the weapons. In this manner Krishna destroyed countless other magical barriers and finally reached Naraka’s fortress.

Naraka’s palace was guarded by the five-headed demon Mura. Mura hurled countless weapons at Krishna, but Krishna shot each one down with his bow and arrow. Then Krishna picked up his flying discus and hurled it towards Mura dislocating Mura’s five heads. Mura fell to the ground, dead.

Krishna challenged Naraka to battle and killed him easily. Bhoomi Devi then sang hymns in praise of Krishna and begged him to take Naraka’s son Bhagdatta under his protection. Krishna placed Bhagdatta on the throne and then freed all of Naraka’s prisoners. The devas showered Krishna with flowers from the heavens.

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The death of Narakasura – the origins of Diwali

Hiranyaksha was a very bad demon. He terrorized all the people in earth and heavens alike. Unable to tolerate him anymore, the people went to Lord Vishnu to protect him from Hiranyaksha. Lord Vishnu promised to help them.
When Hiranyaksha came to know of this, he got about thinking…To protect the earth and its people, Lord Vishnu has to first find the earth…I am going to hide the earth itself so that Lord Vishnu would not be able to find it…Thinking thus, Hiranyaksha using his powers and might pushed the earth itself off its axis!
When Hiranyaksha touched the earth to push her, an asura was created out of the contact between Bhumadevi, the Mother Earth and Hiranyaksha….
The earth plummeted deep inside space. Lord Vishnu incarnated as a boar and held the earth in its horns and pushed her back in her axis. Lord Vishnu fought Hiranyaksha and defeated and killed him.
After he had won against Hirayaksha, Bhumadevi told Lord Vishnu about the asura who was created. Lord Vishnu got about thinking. He told Bhumadevi, ‘He is your son, Bhumadevi! He will be very powerful and strong just like Hiranyaksha.’
Bhumadevi looked at Lord Vishnu and said apprehensively, ‘Would he also be a terrible demon like Hiranyaksha?’
Lord Vishnu sadly nodded his head, ‘There is every chance that he may be like Hiranyaksha….In fact he may be even more powerful than Hiranyaksha. I think you may be the only person who may be able to defeat him…’
Bhumadevi looked at Lord Vishnu without understanding…Lord Vishnu shook his head. ‘Let us not bother about it now. We will worry about it when the time comes.’ Still not satisfied Bhumadevi reluctantly nodded her head, as Lord Vishnu returned to Vaikunta.
Meanwhile the asura who was created, grew up to be strong and powerful. The asura was named Narakasura. Banasura who was a powerful asura saw Narakasura’s strength and decided to use him. Banasura spoke to Naraksura, ‘Naraka! You are already very strong. I think if you meditate on Lord Brahma, he will make you more powerful and then, you can rule the three worlds…not just the earth.’
Narakasura thought that through and decided that he would worship Lord Brahma. He performed severe penance and driven by the power of his penance, Lord Brahma appeared before him.
Lord Brahma spoke, ‘Narakasura! Your powers of meditation are great! For that you can ask me any boon…’ Lord Brahma was not very optimistic about granting Narakasura any boon. He knew that Narakasura was becoming evil and any boon he asked might result on great havoc on the earth…But still Lord Brahma could not turn away from any person who had performed such rigorous penance. He had to grant whatever it is that Narakasura asked for…
Narakasura bowed before Lord Brahma and said, ‘My Lord! I will not ask the boon of immortality, I know you do not grant that boon to anybody…’ Lord Brahma nodded as Narakasura continued, ‘My Lord! I have come to know that Mother Earth – Bhumadevi herself is my mother. So this is my wish. If I have to die it has to be in the hands of my mother and no one else….’
Lord Brahma smiled inwardly. But he looked at Narakasura and spoke, ‘So be it! And try to use your powers for good!’ Lord Brahma vanished from there.
Narakasura burst out laughing as Lord Brahma vanished. Lord Brahma was a fool…No mother would kill her own son…no matter who it is…He had granted me the boon of immortality…Why should he try to use his powers for good…He could literally rule the worlds…People everywhere would bow to him and pray to him…He would make sure of that…
Meanwhile in Gokul, a beautiful, black child grew up among the cowherds there as the son of their chief – Nanda and Yashoda…The child was Krishna, the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
Narakasura returned to his kingdom – Pragjyotishyapur and made preparations for war. Armed with the boon, Narakasura attacked all the kingdoms on earth. He was so ferocious in his strength and power that the other kings did not even have a chance. All of them went under the rule of Narakasura. Soon Narakasura was the ruler of all the kingdoms on earth.
Narakasura soon eyed the heavens. Indra, the Lord of the Devas was no match for Narakasura. Narakasura fell upon the heavens and Indra and the other Devas crumbled and fled from there. Narakasura became more and more wicked. He became arrogant….He captured 16,000 women in the heavens and imprisoned them in his palace.
Narakasura was so arrogant that he did not even let Aditi, the mother of the Devas alone. Aditi, had some heavenly earrings made for her. The earrings were so precious that they even glowed in the dark. Narakasura without a moment’s hesitation tore the earrings from Aditi, not giving a care in the world….
Narakasura ruled like a despot and people everywhere were afraid of him. They were afraid to stand up against him, because he punished people who stood up against him, very severely…They began to pray for someone to come and protect them from the Asura.
Meanwhile Krishna as he grew up among the cowherds, realized about his own self. He came to know that he was the son of Devaki and Vasudeva. Devaki was the sister of Kamsa, the wicked ruler of Mathura. After Devaki and Vasudeva had got married, there was a heavenly voice, which proclaimed that the eighth child of Devaki would kill Kamsa.
Terrified Kamsa imprisoned Devaki and Vasudeva. Despite all his measures and protections, Krishna was born as the eighth child of Vasudeva and Devaki. Krishna was smuggled to Gokul where he grew up among the cowherds there.
When Krishna came to know about Kamsa and what he had done to his parents, Krishna was furious. He along with his elder brother Balarama killed Kamsa, thereby fulfilling the prophecy. Krishna crowned his grandfather Ugrasena as the king of Mathura and himself ruled Dwaraka.
The story of Narakasura ends with Krishna and his third wife – Satyabama.
As Satyabama was alone in the royal palace gardens, thinking of Krishna she was visited by Aditi, the mother of the Devas. She broke down in tears on seeing Satyabama. Satyabama looked at Aditi and calmed her down, ‘What has happened? What is wrong?…’
Aditi burst out into tears and showed Satyabama her ears which were dripping blood. Satyabama gasped as Aditi continued, ‘Narakasura… He came to the palace…he defeated my son and imprisoned….imprisoned all the women there and he grabbed the earrings from my ears….I…’
Satyabama calmed down Aditi, ‘Don’t worry! Please…please don’t cry…’ Satyabama looked at Aditi and was angrily thinking of Narakasura, ‘That man is becoming a menace…I will deal with it myself…’
Satyabama made sure Aditi was comfortable in her palace and ran to see Krishna. ‘Krishna!’ She called as Krishna appeared before her. Krishna looked at her and did not say anything. It was very rare for Satyabama to come to him yelling in the palace. Obviously something very bad had happened. He looked at her waiting for her to continue.
Satyabama spoke with barely concealed fury, ‘Krishna! Aditi has come here…’
Krishna looked at her and asked, ‘Aditi! The mother of the Devas…What does she want…’
Satyabama continued angrily, ‘Narakasura! That asura…look what he has done…’ Satyabama told him everything that Aditi had told him. Krishna became more and more serious as Satyabama continued speaking. He finally held up his hands, ‘Satyabama! I am going to fight with the Narakasura…He has crossed his limits…It is high time he is taught a lesson…’
Satyabama spoke up ‘Krishna! I want to come with you…’ Krishna looked surprised as Satyabama continued, ‘I am going to definitely help you defeat that evil demon…’ She said angrily looking at Krishna. Krishna nodded his head and looked at her. ‘Get your weapons ready! We are going to war! We will go on Garuda! He can take us to Narakasura’s capital in no time…’ Garuda was the vehicle of Lord Krishna and could fly very fast…
Satyabama nodded her head and got ready for battle.
Both of them sat on Garuda. Garuda flew into the kingdom of Pragjyotishyapur. Looking at Garuda approaching his kingdom, Narakasura’s heart missed a beat…The Dark Lord had come for him…But then he slowly shook his head…He had a boon that he could be killed only by his mother…Even Krishna himself could not do anything to him. Narakasura then ordered the division of his army to attack Garuda and Krishna.
The battle between the army of Narakasura and Krishna was ridiculously short. Krishna and Garuda helped with Satyabama destroyed the army in no time at all. Narakasura saw all this from inside his palace and was furious. He called his general Mura. ‘Mura! Take your battalion…Destroy that man…’
Mura attacked the dark Lord with his huge army. But he was also destroyed the same way as the others…[As Lord Krishna had defeated Mura, Krishna is sometimes called as ‘Murari’]
When Narakasura saw Mura die in the battlefield, he yelled and ran out and threw his sataghini [a thunderbolt] at Krishna. Garuda dived and the weapon missed Krishna altogether.
Krishna hurled many of his weapons at Narakasura but he was surprised. Narakasura was easily able to neutralize the weapons which Krishna threw at him! Satyabama on seeing Narakasura, twanged her bow and let the arrows fly fast and furiously.
Looking at the double attack Narakasura furiously pulled out ‘Shakti’ a powerful weapon and hurled it at Krishna.
Satyabama watched in horror as the weapon hit Krishna in the chest. The Dark Lord swooned and fell down!
Satyabama furiously pulled out a powerful weapon of her own and hurled it at Narakasura. Her shock at seeing her Krishna fall gave her the strength to hurl the weapon exactly at Narakasura’s chest, with a speed which was unmatched. Narakasura blinked for a full minute when he saw a weapon in his chest…How could he be defeated…he….He saw Satyabama go towards Krishna, not even bothering to see whether her weapon had hit Narakasura or not…
Narakasura swayed on the spot and looked as the Dark Lord woke up without a single scratch on his body! Satyabama also looked surprised. Krishna smiled as they both got down from Garuda and came towards Narakasura.
Narakasura looked at the two of them. What they had for each other was love…Krishna had so many wives…he loved each one of them fully and respected each one of them…Satyabama loved her husband and was willing to stand up against anybody for him…Narakasura realized suddenly that this was what was missing in his life…He had been powerful…very powerful…but he had never loved anybody…ever…that is what had made him empty…purposeless…Narakasura felt waves of guilt wash over him…He had been so powerful…he could have used the power for good…but he used it for bad purposes…and now …he could not even properly apologize to the people he had wronged…
He lay on the battlefield and looked at the Dark Lord and held his hands together bowing his head, ‘My Lord!’ He breathed sadly, ‘I am sorry…I truly am…It is today that I have seen light…I have lived a life of ignorance…a life of hate…and darkness…I have spread nothing but fear among people…People who go on to terrify others would come to this end only…I have seen the error in my ways…’
Krishna smiled, ‘Narakasura! I am glad you have repented for your actions..’
Narakasura looked around as he saw the body of Dark Lord and Satyabama glowing in the evening light. ‘I have seen light today, my Lord…I wish that people would celebrate this day as the day of victory of light over darkness…’
Satyabama came forward and touched Narakasura. She nodded her head as she looked at his pain filled eyes.
Krishna said. ‘Narakasura! This is Satyabama…She is actually an incarnation of Bhumadevi…’ Both Satyabama and Narakasura looked at Krishna with surprise as Krishna continued, ‘She incarnated with the special purpose of defeating you…I could never have defeated you…Only Satyabama could…so I pretended to fall unconscious and the rest was done by her…’ Krishna said looking at Satyabama with pride.
Satyabama felt a deep understanding within herself. She realized the truth in Krishna’s words. She took Narakasura’s head in her lap and cried out, ‘My son! Why? Why did you have to follow such a dark path…Why did you…’
Narakasura stopped Satyabama, ‘No mother! You are not responsible for my choices…I chose wrongly and you fought me for what you believed as right…You have done the right thing…I am glad to call you my mother…’ Narakasura breathed his last….
Even to this day, Narakasura’s death is celebrated as the victory of light over darkness…It comes on the second day of Diwali as ‘Naraka chaturdasi’. Diwali which is a festival of lights actually celebrates the triumph of right over the wrong…
Satyabama took Aditi’s earrings and handed them over to Aditi…

-From the Bhagawat Purana
Indra was actually a very powerful demi-god. He possessed most of the divine weapons.However, he was helpless against the demons who obtained boons of invincibility against him. Thus, he used to get defeated and seek the protection of Vishnu.He even had the infaillable Vijayanta Shaktibaana which he got from Goddess Uma. Only he knew the Upasamhara of this mighty arrow.He did not teach it to Karna as he did not wanted Karna to use this arrow more than once. The Shaktibaana went back to Indra after slaying Ghatotkacha.As per a source, during the Kirata-Arjuna incident, Arjuna tells Lord Shiva that only Bheeshma, Drona, Parashurama, Indra and Lord Shiva himself can face him in archery. He does not mention Karna because he never approves of Karna as his equal.

As per Hinduism the demi-gods were actually human beings born as sons to sage Kashyap and Aditi. They later ascended to the higher planets through their learning and penances and achieved the status of demi-gods. They were virtuous unlike the demons born to Kashyap and Aditi.

Indra was the greatest of them all and became their king. His brother is Suryadeva(Sun Deity).

Chandradeva(Moon deity) is the son of sage Atri and Anasuya.

The other demi-gods include those who govern the elements of nature e.g., Agnideva, Varunadeva, Vayudeva, Aakashdeva, Bhoomidevi and they are borne to Brahma.

Vishwakarma mastered the science of architecture and design. He constructed the Swarga and weapons for Indra and other Gods.

Some of the demi-gods include those who govern the various planetary systems. These include Shanideva(Saturn deity), Rahu, Ketu, Bhoomi Devi etc. Suryadeva is the king of all planets.

Yamadeva(demi-god of justice and death) is the brother of Shanideva(Shanideva is also the destroyer of ego and an assistant of Lord Shiva).

Brihaspati(Guru or Jupiter Deity) is the wisest and most learned demi-god of them all. He is the preceptor of the demi-gods.

Kubera is the treasurer of the demi-gods. His step-brother is Ravana.

Indra is the demigod in charge of rain and thunder. The weather is at his command.

He is also the king of the gods (devatas).
He rides on king of the elephants ( Airavaathi),
who is white in color and has four tusks.

His favorite weapon is the thunderbolt (vajra). His consort is Indrani. He is ruler of swarga where the gods live.

Though he is king of devatas, he is not treated as equivalent to the triad of Brahma, Vishnu & Shiva because he has a parentage. Indra is a devataa who lords over other devataas. There are more Devatas than there are humans.He is subject to human emotions like anger, jealousy, fear, feels threatened etc. Arjuna reaches Indraloka to do penace to receive PASUPATA astra. There appears Indra and tells Arjuna todo penace to Lord Shiva.Shiva(hunter) send a boar onwhich Arjuna and Shiva shot arrows same time. In the combat between the two Arjuna realizes Shiva and he was blessed and gets Gandiva & other weapons.

16000 wives of Krishna, spiritual significance

Sri Krishna

Krishna had mainly eight wives , he was called Ashtabharya (ashta=eight, bharya=wife) because of that. Different  scriptures list their names differently. According to Bhagavata purana names of the eight wives in order were Rukmini, Satyabhama, Jambavati, Kalindi, Mitravinda, Nagnajiti, Bhadra and Lakshmana.

Story of 16,100 wives

Narakasura=Naraka+asura; naraka was his name, naraka also means hell, he is considered the son of mother earth thus called Bhaumasura (son of bhumi, bhumi=earth). Asura means demon.

the demon king Naraka had kidnapped 16,100 (some sources say 16,000 probably for the sake of ease) women and held them in his captivity in his capital Pragjyotisha.

Naraka had stolen the ear-rings of Aditi (daughter of brahma, first nascent being), her sons demigods were unable to fight against Naraka. Upon their request krishna along with his wife Sathyabhama attacked Pragjyotisha on his vehicle Garuda (eagle) and fought a fierce battle against the demons, in that war many powerful demons were slayed by krishna. Most important of those were Mura and Naraka.

(Narakasura had the curse of being killed by his own mother, Sathyabhama is considered the incarnation of Mother earth, thus she killed Narakasura)

After killing Naraka, krishna released 16,100 women that Narakasura had in captivity. When krishna asked them to return to their houses, they refused. They were aware that the society of that age would not take back those who were taken by another man. So they were left with nowhere to go.

When Krishna asked them what they wanted to do, they all wanted Krishna to marry them.

Krishna married them all at the same auspicious time assuming that many bodies, so they could gain status of married women and live in the society with honor again. Krishna constructed them each a palace with huge gardens ful of colorful flowers, It was impossible to live with each of them so he created 16100 forms of himself so that he could treat them all in the same manner as his 8 wives. Scriptures say that each of them had 10 sons and 1 daughter.

Note: Some stories say that each of 16,100 women were rishis from the past who wanted to be part of Lord’s incarnation on earth. Who wanted to live closer to him and witness his life. Upon their prayer to lord vishnu he granted them the boon to be his wives in his next incarnation on earth.

Note: Some stories say 16100 women were Gopis, who did not want to marry any one else but krishna, who thus remained unmarried throughout their lives.

Note: Another theory relates the Krishna, who plays the flute and the lover of music, and his 16,000 wives to the 16,000 ragas or musical modes or passions or affections of the mind in Indian classical music, and their wives – the raginis (female raga). The raginis selected one of these ragas to which to modulate her strains for affecting and securing the heart of Krishna, the amorous and harmonious deity. Krishna who was devoted to music received and enjoyed every variety of modulation, multiplied to the number of 16,000, fancifully personified in the form of the women derived from Bhauma (a name of Narakasura), a five-stringed musical instrument

Story Hanuman Swallowing Sun

The apsara Anjana was born as a woman on earth. She married the monkey-king Kesari. Lord Shiva took birth in the form of a monkey through vanara Anjana. The child born to Anjana was called Anjaneya which is another name for Lord Hanuman. After giving birth to Hanuman, Anjana decided to return to heaven.

Anjaneya became very sad. “Mother, what will be my future without you? How can I feed myself ? How can I live?” he asked.
Anjana said: “Don’t worry, Anjaneya” “Gods will always protect you. When you feel hungry, fruits as red and ripe as a rising sun would be your food.”
Anjana kissed her son and left for heaven.
“Fruits as red and ripe as the Sun or Surya?” – thought Anjaneya. “Is Sun such a ripe fruit? Let me see!”

The baby Hanuman wanted to taste the Sun. He was, after all, an incarnation of Lord Shiva. So reaching for Surya Deva was not a tough task for him. He made a giant leap to catch the glowing ball on the sky. The sun glowing in the sky suddenly saw a monkey coming towards him. Bal Hanuman grew bigger and bigger as he neared the sun. The terribly hot rays which made the presence of any mortal body impossible near the Sun, had no effect on the creature. The Sun got scared and started calling out for help. “Oh Indra! Oh Indra! Please help me!” he cried.

story-hanuman-swallowing-sun

“Why Suryadeva seeks my help?”- Indra wondered. “Is he not powerful enough to burn everything that comes near him? Or is it something beyond his control? Anyway, I have to see what’s happening!”

Indra promptly climbed on Airavata his mount, the white elephant and set out to find the cause of Surya Deva’s fear. Soon, he found that a flying monster was trying to catch hold of the sun. On nearing the sun, Indra was surprised to see that the monster was actually a giant monkey.

“Stop!” he ordered. “Who are you? Why are you trying to catch the Sun?”
“I’m Anjaneya, son of Kesari and Anjana” – replied the giant child. “My mother told me that fruits as ripe as the red sun will be my food. So I’m going to catch the sun and eat it.”

Indra was amused by the child’s innocence, so he advised him to return to earth. “This is not a fruit, Hanuman, this is the Sun – the source of all light and life” – said he and commanded, “Return whence you came”.

But naughty Anjaneya ignored his command and continued his journey to capture the Sun. Indra became angry and warned him to return. He repeated several times his warning, but Anjaneya did not listen to him. At last, the King of Devas became so enraged that he struck Anjaneya with his thunderbolt “Vajra”.

The Vajra hit the child, wounding his chin and causing him to fall down to earth. Anjaneya’s cheeks were swollen twice their size. As the boy fell, his body became smaller and smaller. Finally, he became the child monkey he really was and hit the ground.

story-hanuman-eating-sun

Pancha Mahabhoot Theory

The basic premise of Ayurveda is that the entire cosmos or universe is part of one singular absolute. Everything that exists in the vast external universe (macrocosm), also appears in the internal cosmos of the human body (microcosm). Man is the epitome of the universe. Within man, there is as much diversity as in the world outside. Similarly, the outside world is as diverse as human beings themselves. In other words, all human beings are a living microcosm of the universe and the universe is a living macrocosm of the human beings.

The Pancha Mahabhuta, or “five great elements”, of Ayurveda are:

  • Prithvi or Bhumi (Earth)
  • Ap or Jala (Water)
  • Agni or Tejas (Fire)
  • Vayu or Pavan (Air or Wind)
  • Akasha (Aether)

Hence, Ayurveda advocates: “YatPinde, Tat Bramhande”

Pancha MahabhootThe universe consists of 5 elements called the Panchabhutal. Our bodies, as a part of the universe, are also composed of these 5 elements:

Space
It accommodates all the components of the tripod of life – the Spirit, Mind & Body.

Air
The elan Vital – a creative principle, the Vital force and the impluse of life.

Fire
our body is made of food, sustained by it and ends up as food.

All these transformations in metabolism is governed by the fire of life.

Water
The elixir of life, the energy that governs cohesive and adhesive integrity the flow that cleanses and transports vital elements.

Earth
The structural arena where the orchestra of life exists with all its vibrancy.

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