Balipratipada is celebrated during Diwali.

Introduction

Diwali is celebrated on four consecutive days – the thirteenth (Dhanatrayodashi), the fourteenth (Narak Chaturdashī) and the new moon day (Amāvasyā – Lakshmīpūjān) of the dark fortnight of Āshwin and the first day of the bright fortnight of Kārtik(Balipratipada). In this article, we will explain how Balipratipada is celebrated during Diwali.

Balipratipada (4th Day of Diwali)  

It falls on the 1st day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu lunar month Kartik. It is celebrated to symbolise Deity Vishnu’s conquest over the demon king, Bali.

In a year, there are three and a half auspicious moments (muhūrt); among them, Balipratipada is the half auspicious moments. During a calendar year, there are some auspicious days, some inauspicious days, and some days have both or only one aspect. If one performs certain important acts such as wedding, buying properties, etc. during auspicious time, then that act proves to be beneficial. The three and a half auspicious days are such that one can perform any act during the entire day because every moment of these days is auspicious.

Now, let us understand the spiritual meaning behind the celebration of the fourth day of Diwali.

In Tretayuga, there was King named Bali, who was immensely generous. Many people used to visit him for various reasons. At that time, whatever guests would ask for, King Bali used to give it to them without thinking about it. Though generosity is a virtue; but a virtue becomes a defect when used in excess or incorrectly.

Scriptures have clearly described what should be given, when and where. It is also said that an offering should be made to the deserving; not to the undeserving. When an undeserving person acquires wealth he becomes arrogant and behaves as per his will. King Bali disregarded this principle and whatever one would ask for; he would give it to them. This created havoc in the world, as people started behaving as per their wishes. When Deity Vishnu came to know about this, He decided to incarnate as Vaaman(Small boy).

Deity Vishnu incarnated as a boy wearing the sacred thread (janave). Vaaman means small or tiny. The boy is small in size and chants, ‘Give me alms’, as He asks for alms from people. When Deity Vishnu incarnated as Vaaman and approached King Bali for alms, the king asked Him, “What do you want?” Vaaman asked for land which covered three of His footsteps. Unaware of whoVaaman was, and not realising the consequence of this offering the king agreed to fulfil His wish. Immediately Vaaman assumed a colossal form and covered the earth with one footstep. With the second footstep, He covered the remaining parts of the Creation. Then Vaaman turned to King Bali and asked, ‘I have already covered everything in just two footsteps, now, where do I place the third footstep?’ King Bali told Him to place the third footstep on his head. Vaaman had decided to send King Bali to the negative regions, and asked him, ‘Do you wish to ask for any boon?’, King Bali replied ‘Now my entire kingdom on the Earth will be gone and You will send me to the negative regions, so may this event of You taking the three steps be represented on the Earth for three days of the year as my reign.’ Those three days are the fourteenth day (Chaturdashi) and the new moon (Amavasya) day of the dark fortnight of Ashwin and the first day of (Pratipada) the bright fortnight of Kartik. This is also called Bali’s reign. The scriptures mention that during Bali’s reign one could behave as per own wish.

However, one should refrain from acts prohibited by the scriptures. Eating prohibited foods, smoking and drinking prohibited drinks are the three prohibited acts. Hence on these days people can have a display of fireworks but they do not consume alcohol. Since the scriptures permit this tradition, people enjoy themselves on these days.

On Balipratipada, a picture of King Bali and his Queen Vindhyavali is drawn with a special powder of soft white stone (rangolī) on the floor, and it is decorated with five colours. It is then worshipped and offered meat and liquor (Naivēdya). Then for the sake ofBali, lamps and clothes are donated.

On this day, after an early morning bath with an oil massage (abhyangasnān) women move lit lamps in front of their husbands’ faces. In the afternoon, they feast on a meal with delicacies. People don new attire and celebrate the whole day through.

There is also a practice of worshipping the mountain Govardhan (Govardhan pūjā). A mountain of cow dung is made and dūrvā (a sacred grass) and flowers are tucked into it. Pictures of Shrīkrushṇa, the cowherds, Deity Indra, cows and calves are arranged alongside, and they are worshipped. A procession is also taken out.

It is the beginning of the New Year according to Vikram calendar.

Source: Publication – Holy festivals, Religious festivals and Vowed religious observances, published by Sanatan.

  1. How to celebrate the first day of Diwali, Vasubaras and Dhanteras?
  2. How to celebrate the second Day of Diwali, Narakchaturdashi?
  3. How to celebrate the third Day of Diwali, Lakshmipujan?
  4. How to celebrate Bhai Dooj?

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Each day has the following rituals and significance

Diwali Festival 2015 Shubh Muhurat Puja Timings

Diwali will be on 11 November, Thursday. This day is in chitra Nakshatra. vishkumbh Yoga and moon will move in vergo Sign, on this day. Amavasya date, Pradosh kal, auspicious Lagna and Chaughadia Muhurat have special significance in Diwali.

Pradosh Kaal Muhurat

Lakshmi Puja Muhurta = 17:58 to 19:56
Duration = 1 Hour 58 Mins
Pradosh Kaal = 17:40 to 20:16
Vrishabha Kaal = 17:58 to 19:56
Amavasya Tithi Begins = 21:23 on 10/Nov/2015
Amavasya Tithi Ends = 23:16 on 11/Nov/2015

Mahanishita Kaal Muhurat

Lakshmi Puja Muhurta = None
Duration = 0 Hours 0 Mins
Mahanishita Kaal = 23:45 to 24:37+
Simha Kaal = 24:25+ to 26:37+
Amavasya Tithi Begins = 21:23 on 10/Nov/2015
Amavasya Tithi Ends = 23:16 on 11/Nov/2015

Choghadiya Puja Muhurat

Auspicious Choghadiya Muhurat for Diwali Lakshmi Puja
Morning Muhurta (Labh, Amrit) = 06:41 – 09:26
Morning Muhurta (Shubh) = 10:48 – 12:11
Afternoon Muhurta (Char, Labh) = 14:55 – 17:40
Evening Muhurta (Shubh, Amrit, Char) = 19:18 – 23:16

History and Legend of Govardhan Pooja

Govardhan Puja is also known as the Annakut puja (or Padwa, Bali Pratipada, and Gujarati New Year), means worshiping the pile of grains (symbolizing the Govardhan mountain), which is celebrated to remember the victory of Lord Krishna over the arrogant Indra. It is considered that, at this day Lord Krishna had defeated the Lord of heaven, known as Indra. Lord Krishna told the people of the Vrindavan dham to worship the Nature because only the Nature is nurturing you. He taught people that worship the Govardhan Mountain (which brings rain to the earth) and stop worshiping Indra. Such type of message of the Lord Krishna to the people was generally to teach the people to take care of the nature.

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Govardhan Pooja 2015

Govardhan Puja 2015 would be celebrated by the people at Thursday, on 12th of November.

Govardhan Pooja 2014

Govardhan Puja 2014 was celebrated by the people at Friday, on 24th of October.

Why Govardhan Pooja is Celebrated (Significance)

A great mountain of the food, called as the Govardhan Mountain, is adorned by the people at this occasion. It is considered that the Govardhan Mountain was lifted by the Lord Krishna in order to save the life of people from the arrogant Indra. Lord Indra was throwing thunder and a lot of rain over the earth and lord Krishna had saved the millions of life by lifting the Govardhan mountain on his little finger. From then, the Annakut pooja is performed with the immense passion and eagerness by the people in various states of India such as Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Mathura, Vrindavan and Bihar.

How Govardhan Pooja is Celebrated (Celebration)

In some Indian states, Govardhan Puja is celebrated by making the hillocks of cow-dung which represents the Mount Govardhan. Then people decorate the hillocks by flowers and worship them. Devotees make rounds around the hillocks and pray to Lord Govardhan to save their life as always. At some places, it is celebrated as a part of the Diwali such as the Padva or Bali Pratipada to commemorate the King Bali. And at some places, it is enjoyed as a Gujarati New Year because the Vikram Samvat begins at this day.

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