Kansa Vadh 2015 – November 21 (Saturday)

Kansa was the maternal uncle of Lord Krishna and Balarama, and the King of Mathura. It was prophesied by the great saint Narada that he would be killed by Devaki’s (Kansa’s sister) eighth son. In spite of killing off all of Devaki’s sons right after birth, Lord Krishna and Balarama survived this fate through divine grace and grew up as the cattle herder Nanda and Yasodha’s son and Balarama as Rohini’s son. On hearing that the eighth child, Lord Krishna had survived, Kansa made numerous attempts to kill him but failed. After his final attempt, Kansa was killed by Lord Krishna and this is celebrated as ‘Kansa Vadh’.

This day falls on tenth day of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month of Hindu Lunar Calendar. It is celebrated to commemorate the killing of King Kansa, the ruler of Mathura by Lord Krishna. The town of Mathura comes alive and is colorful on this day. Various cultural activities like dance, music and dramas portraying the dalliances of Lord Krishna and enactments of many of his legends takes place.

Kamsa Vadh is celebrated in Mathura and other places by making effigies of Kamsa and people gather around for thrashing it as an enactment of the deed done by Lord Krishna. It is celebrated as a commemoration of freedom from him and also of Lord Krishna’s bravery. Classical and art performers reenactments of this event through music, dance and drama.

Kansa Vadh

Legend of King Kansa

Kansa was the son of King Ugresena and Queen Padmavati, future heir of Mathura and brother of Devaki. Kansa wanted to become king and decided to over throw his father by marrying the two daughters, Princesses Asti and Prapti of the neighboring King Jarasandha  of Magadha province and using their army for this purpose. He did this under the confines of the palace and the common people of Mathura were not informed of this. King Kansa now occupied the kingdoms of the Yadu, Bhoja, and Andhaka dynasties and the kingdom of Surasena, and also made alliances with all the other demonic kings like the Pralamba, Baka, Canura, Trnavarta, Aghasura, Mustika, Arista, Dvivida, Putana, Kesi and Dhenuka.

Kansa was informed of the prophecy by saint  Narada that his sister’s eight son would kill him, so he imprisoned his sister and killed 6 of their sons immediately after birth. The seventh and eight child to be born were Balarama and Lord Krishna. They were placed in to Yashoda and Rohini’s care through divine assistance where Vasudeva was to carry both the babies to the cattle herd chief Nanda in Gokula right after their birth, where Nanda’s wife Yashoda and was to give birth to a daughter. He was to exchange his boys and bring Yashoda’s baby daughter back to the prison.

With Lord Vishnu’s grace nothing could stop Vasudeva to complete the task set by Lord Vishnu himself. King Kansa was not aware of any of this and when he heard that his sister Devaki had given birth to a beautiful girl on Ashtami, he still wanted to kill the baby out of fear. When he tried to kill the girl baby, she transformed in to Goddess Shakti, the Yogamata and warned him that the person intended to kill him had already been born.

On hearing these words, King Kamsa planned to kill Lord -Child Krishna by sending his demon associates. Over the years King Kamsa had sent out demons like Putana, Kaliye, Bakasura and Aghasura to kill Lord Krisha. They had all disguised themselves as cow herder, serpent, giant bird respectively while trying to kill Krishna but they had all met their demise in his hands.

King Kansa had failed in all his attempts and finally devised a plan to invite Lord Krishna and Balarama to Mathura as a representative of their people in Gokula and kill him off with a rampant elephant. This plan failed too and lastly he asked the demon brothers, Canura and Mustika to wrestle with Lord Krishna and Balaram and kill them in a fight. Lord Krishna and Balaram defeated them with great ease and Lord Krishna proceeded to kill King Kansa. This day is celebrated as a great day in Mathura, as it signifies the freedom from the oppressive rule of King Kamsa and the presence of Lord Krishna on their soil.

– See more at: http://www.festivalsofindia.in/Kansa-Vadh/Index.aspx#sthash.u3GXFPNY.dpuf

Kamsa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For the language isolate of Colombia, see Camsá language.
Kansa’
Maharaja Kansa
KRISHNA KILLS KANSA.jpg

Krishna kills Kansa
Predecessor Ugrasena
Successor Ugrasena
Born Mathura
Died Mathura
Consort Asti & Prapti (Two daughters ofJarasandha)
Sanskrit कंस
House Bhoja
Dynasty Surasena or Yadu
Father Ugrasena
Mother Pawan Rekha
Religion Hindu

In Hinduism, Kamsa (Sanskrit:कंस, Kansa), also spelt as Kansa, is the tyrant ruler of the Vrishni kingdom with its capital at Mathura. He is the brother of Devaki, the mother of the god Krishna – who slew Kamsa. Kamsa is described as human in early sources and an asura (demon) in the Puranas.[1][2][3] His royal house was called Bhoja and his another name was Bhojapati.[4]

Kamsa was born to King Ugrasena and Queen Padmavati. However, out of ambition and upon the advice of his personal confidante, Banasura, Kamsa decided to overthrow his father and install himself as the King of Mathura. Therefore, upon the guidance of another advisor, Chanur, Kamsa decided to marry Asti and Prapti, the daughters of Jarasandha, King of Magadha.[5]

After a heavenly voice prophesied that Devaki’s eighth son will slay him, he imprisoned Devaki and her husband Vasudeva and killed all their children; however the eighth son, Krishna, an avatar of the god Vishnu, was transported to Gokul, where he was raised in the care of Nanda, the head of cowherds. Kamsa sent a host of demons to kill the child Krishna, all of whom Krishna killed. Finally, Krishna arrived in Mathura and slew his uncle Kamsa.[6]

Birth[edit]

In reality, Kamsa was not the biological son of Ugrasena. The Brhad Bhagavatamrta[7] references the Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (48–51) of the Padma Purana describing that after Padmavati’s marriage with Ugrasena she stayed a short time in the house of her father, King Satyaketu. At that time a demonic messenger of Kuvera’s named Drumila (or Gobhila) became attracted to her. He came to her disguised as Ugrasena, and asked for union with her. She agreed. That night he came to her room and after removing their clothes, they got into coitus. during coitus, Drumil lost his self-control and got into his actual form. However, Padmavati was so attracted to him that she didn’t protest. He ejaculated, as a result of which Padmavati was impregnated and she gave birth to Drumil’s son Kamsa. In fact, Kamsa in his previous birth was a demon called Kalanemi,who was slain by Lord Vishnu.[8]

Annexation of kingdom[edit]

During his wedding in Mathura, Jarasandha brought over his army to escort the Princesses Asti and Prapti. Using the army of Magadha as his political cover, Kamsa overthrew his father after he refused to voluntarily retire from his position. This was done within the confines of the royal palace and the public was not informed. After Ugrasena failed to show up for public events, Kamsa announced his coronation.[9]

His Warning Issued By Yogmaya[edit]

A frightened Kamsa (left) looks up to the goddess, as she issues the warning.

Kamsa was told, in a prophecy, that the eighth child of Devaki, shall kill him. Hearing it, he wanted to kill Devaki, but Vasudev manages to save her life by promising Kamsa that he (Vasudev) himself shall give Devki’s all children to Kamsa. Vasudev was such a great Gentleman that even Kamsa believed him and spared Devki because she herself is not a threat to him. In the confines of prison, Devaki repeatedly conceived and cruel Kamsa murdered the first six children.[10]

Just before the birth of seventh child, Lord Vishnu summoned Goddess Yogmaya, an eight-handed woman holding different weapons in her hands and wearing different colored garments. Shri Hari or bhagwan Vishnu asked her to transfer the embryo of Shesh Naag from Devaki to Vasudeva’s another wife Rohini in Gokul. This child was named Balram, Shri Krishna’s elder brother. Whereas, The Lord shri Hari-Vishnu Himself, was soon to appear as the eighth son of Devaki, ordered Yogamaya (who, shall be known with different names by her devotees such as Durga, Bhadrakali, Narayani, Chandika, Vaishnavi, Sharda, Ishaani, Vijaya, Chin Bhavani, Amba and Ambika) to take birth from the womb of Ma Yashoda. As according to Shri Hari-Vishnu’s orders, Yogmaya transferred Shesha from the womb of Devaki to the womb of Rohini. Facilitating God Vishnu’s descent or avatar, Yogmaya (as the controller of the darkness and ignorance) had put the guards of Kamsa to sleep or a state of trance. At this time, Vasudev, on obeying Shri Hari’s order took BalKrishna to Nand Yashoda’s house, bringing back Baby girl, Durga, who is incarnation of Yogmaya. Presuming this baby as Devki’s eighth child, Kansa was about to kill her by crashing her down on the ground but the girl slipped out of his hands. Taking her cosmic form, eight handed Durga warned Kansa “The Eighth child who shall kill you, has been born. He is in Gokul!”[11]

Death[edit]

The seventh child, Balarama, was saved when he was moved to Rohini‘s womb. The eighth child born to Devaki and Vasudeva was Krishna. Krishna was saved from Kamsa’s wrath and raised by Vasudeva’s relative Nandaand Yasoda, a cowherd couple.[12]

After Krishna grew up and returned to the kingdom, Kamsa was eventually killed by Krishna, as was originally predicted by the divine prophecy, and Ugrasena reinstated as King of Mathura.[13]

Other mentions[edit]

In his documentary “The Story of India”, (a BBC production) Michael Woods tried to show a link between Kamsa and Kanishka. Kanishka was a ruler who ruled with Mathura as its capital. Although this is quite controversial and ungrounded. Mahabharata even though exists as a legend is nowhere near the period of Kanishka. Kanishka was a Buddhist and according to Hinduism, Buddha was born after Krishna.

महाभारत कालीन दुर्लभ मूर्तियां मिलीं

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Mahabharat (1)रायपुर। छत्तीसगढ़ का संबंध श्रीराम के ननिहाल, उनके वनगमन का मार्ग होने की लगभग पुष्टि हो चुकी है। वहीं छग का संबंध महाभारत काल से भी जोड़ा जाता है। मनिहारी नदी में कर्ण और अर्जुन की मूर्ति भी मिल चुकी है। इधर, राजिम के पास उत्खनन से केशी-वध प्रसंग की मूर्ति मिली है। केशी, कंस का अंतिम योद्धा था, उसे कंस ने श्रीकृष्ण को मारने के लिए भेजा था।

छत्तीसगढ़ के प्रयागराज राजिम के सीताबाड़ी में पुरातत्व विभाग द्वारा खुदाई का कार्य इन दिनों जारी है। खुदाई में पुरातात्विक महत्व की दृष्टि से महत्वपूर्ण प्रमाण लगातार मिल रहे हैं। इसके तहत कंस के अंतिम योद्धा केशी-वध प्रसंग की मूर्ति भी मिली। यह मूर्ति छत्तीसगढ़ में अत्यंत दुर्लभ है।

पुरातत्वविद् डॉ. अरुण शर्मा का कहना है कि ऐसी मूर्तियां पूरे छत्तीसगढ़ में संभवत: एक या दो ही उपलब्ध हैं। खुदाई में पंचमुखी नागराज और बच्चा गोद में लिए महिला की मूर्ति भी मिली है। उन्होंने बताया कि खुदाई में कृष्ण की केशी-वध की प्रतिमा मिली है। प्रतिमा दो फीट ऊंची, डेढ़ फीट चौड़ी है। प्रतिमा के एक हाथ में शंख है, वहीं अलंकरण और केश विन्यास से पता चलता है कि यह विष्णु अवतार की प्रतिमा है।

डॉ. शर्मा ने बताया कि प्रतिमा का सिर नहीं है, लेकिन घोड़ा के मुंह में उनकी हथेली है, जिससे पता चलता है यह केशी-वध की कहानी है। उन्होंने बताया कि सातवाहन काल मंदिर के पहले राजिम में एक विशाल पत्थरों से निर्मित चूने की जोड़ाई वाले मौर्यकालीन मंदिर के अवशेष मिले थे। पश्चिममुखी यह मंदिर भगवान विष्णु का था।

उन्होंने केशी-वध के प्रसंग के बारे में बताया कि श्रीकृष्ण को मारने कंस ने अपने कई योद्धाओं को भेजा था, जिन्हें श्री कृष्ण ने मार दिया था। तब कंस ने अपने अंतिम योद्धा केशी को श्री कृष्ण को मारने वृंदावन भेजा था। केशी काले रंग के घोड़े का रूप धरकर उत्पात मचाने लगा। तब श्रीकृष्ण ने उसे युद्ध के लिए ललकारा। उसी दौरान कृष्ण ने अपने बाएं हाथ की हथेली उसके मुंह में ठूंस दी और हाथ का विस्तार किया, जिससे केशी की मौत हो गई।

डॉ. शर्मा का कहना है कि प्रतिमा में गले में माला धारण किए कृष्ण हैं। उनके हाथ में कड़ा और लट घुंघराले हैं। प्रतिमा में साफ दिखाई दे रहा है कि घोड़े की आंखें बाहर निकली हुई हैं। ऐसी प्रतिमाएं छग में दुर्लभ ही हैं। उन्होंने बताया कि संभवत: यह प्रतिमा 2500 वर्ष पहले की है। मूर्तिकार की कल्पना देखकर सहज की अंदाजा लगाया जा सकता है कि मूर्तिकार को केशी-वध की कहानी ज्ञात थी, साथ ढाई हजार साल पहले भी उत्कृष्ट कलाकार थे।

गौरतलब है कि इन दिनों छत्तीसगढ़ के प्रयागराज राजिम के सीताबाड़ी में पुरातत्व विभाग द्वारा खुदाई की जा रही है। इससे पहले भी यहां खुदाई में ढाई हजार साल पहले की सभ्यता मिल चुकी है। इसके अलावा सिंधुकालीन सभ्यता की तर्ज पर ही निर्मित ईंटें भी मिल चुकी हैं। वहीं यहां एक कुंड भी मिला है, जिसके बारे में कहा जाता है कि इसमें स्नान करने से कोढ़ और चर्म रोग दूर हो जाता है।

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