Holi Puja Vidhi and Mantra
Holi Puja Vidhi and Mantra
Holi Pujan (होली पूजन) is done twice on Holi, first in the afternoon before bonfire, this is known as Thandi Holi (ठंडी होली) and then in the evening at the time of Holika Dahan (होलिका दहन) or Bonfire.
Holi Puja or Holika Dahan is the prime ritual of Holi – the festival of colours. This year holi puja will be performed on 23 th march 2016. It is a celebration of the victory of ‘good’ over ‘bad’. People light bonfires in the evening and offer puja.
Given below are the steps and rituals for the Holi Pooja:
- Holi Pooja can be performed at any place.
- A log of wood is kept at a prominent public place on the Vasant Panchami day.
- People extend the log centre with twigs, dried leaves, branches of trees and other combustible material.
- On the day of Holika Dahan, an effigy of Holika and Prahlad is placed on the huge heap of woods.
- Effigy of Holika is made of combustible material while Prahlad’s effigy is made of non-combustible material.
- On the eve of Holi, the heap is set alight and the people chant Rakshoghna Mantras of the Rig Veda to cast away the evil spirits.
- Left over ashes are collected by people next morning. These ashes are considered holy and are smeared on the limbs of the body as Holi Prasad.
- Smearing of body limbs is an act of purification.
Holi Puja Mantra
अहकूटा भयत्रस्तैः कृता त्वं होलि बालिशैः
अतस्वां पूजयिष्यामि भूति-भूति प्रदायिनीम्
Mantra While Applying Ash to the body,
वंदितासि सुरेन्द्रेण ब्रम्हणा शंकरेण च ।
अतस्त्वं पाहि माँ देवी! भूति भूतिप्रदा भव ॥
Holi Pradakshina Mantra – Mantra to chant while circumambulate (प्रदक्षिणा मंत्र)
यानि कानि च पापानि जन्मातर कृतानि च ।
तानि तानि प्रणश्यन्ति प्रदक्षिणे पदे पदे ॥
As per Hindu Pujan Process, first of all Lord Ganesha (गणेशा) is recalled and homage is paid to him and afterwards Goddess Ambika (अम्बिका ), Lord Narasimha (भगवान नरसिंह) and his devotee Prahlad (प्रह्लाद) are worshiped and homage is paid to all. Priest and people circumambulate the Holika setup, while priest dropping holy water from the pot on the ground and chanting matra to circumambulate (प्रदक्षिणा मंत्र).
After circumambulating the Holika, People along with the priest chant Rakshoghna Mantra (रक्षोघ्न मन्त्र) from Rigveda (ऋग्वेद). (Rig Veda IV. 4. 1-5 and Yajur Veda I. 2. 14. 1-5. Mahānārāyaṇa Upaniṣad 27)
Rakshoghna Mantra is chanted for removal of obstacles and miseries; for fulfilment of worldly desires; to ward off evil effects of planets, etc. Here we are giving these mantra anong with their meaning.
Rakshoghna Mantra (रक्षोघ्न मन्त्र) for Holi Puja
कृणुष्व पाजः प्रसितिं न पृथ्वीं याहि राजेवामवाँ इभेन।
तृष्वीमनु प्रसितिं द्रूणानो अस्ताऽसि विध्य रक्षसस्तपिष्ठैः॥ (1)
तव भ्रमास आशुया पतन्त्यनु स्पृश धृषता शोशुचानः।
तपुँष्यग्ने जुह्वा पतङ्गान् असन्दितो वि सृज विष्वगुल्काः॥ (2)
प्रति स्पशो वि सृज तूर्णितमो भवा पायुर्विशो अस्या अदब्धः।
यो नो दूरे अघशँसो यो अन्त्यग्ने माकिष्टे व्यथिरा दधर्षीत्॥ (3)
उदग्ने तिष्ठ प्रत्याऽऽ तनुष्व न्यमित्राँ ओषतात् तिग्महेते।
यो नो अरातिँ ममिधान चक्रे नीचा तं धक्ष्यतसं न शुष्कम्॥ (4)
ऊर्ध्वा भव प्रति विध्याध्यस्मत् आविष्कृणुष्व दैव्यान्यग्ने।
अव स्थिरा तनुहि पातुजुनां जामिमजामिं प्र मृणीहि शत्रून्॥ (5)
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Review of Maa Ambika Temple
The Ambika temple, Baripada is an ancient temple and the Bijesthali of the presiding deity. People of Baripada strongly believe her as ‘The Living Goddess’, who as a mother showers her blessings to all the mankind.
OMM NAMO SHAILAPUTRI DAITYA DARPA VINASHINI
AVAYA VARADE MATA PUJA GHRUHANA SURESHWARI !!
Omm Namo Shailaputri Daitya Darpa Vinashini
Avaya Varade Mata Puja Ghruhana Sureshwari !!
The Ambika temple, Baripada is an ancient temple and the Bijesthali of the presiding deity not only for the people of Baripada but also for the people of the whole Mayurbhanj district as well as devotees from the neighboring states like Jharkhand and West Bengal.
The temple is situated at the heart of the Baripada town.
People of Baripada strongly believe her as ‘The Living Goddess’, who as a mother showers her blessings to all the mankind.
MAA’s Idol :
The deity’s idol is made of fine marble stone which is ancient. The idol has four hands also known as “Chaturbhuja”.
Maa Ambika is sitting on a lion and in her four hands, she is holding Dambaru, Khadga, Kharpara and Trisula .
It’s also a famous belief among the devotees that though the mother is holding arms in her hand to fight with all the odds and save the mankind, her face is so calm, cool and glows vibrantly. As if mother is always looking at her children with a motherly affection. Whoever visit her in the temple and ask her blessings while looking at her, feels the divine touch.
In her temple Maa Ambika is surrounded by other deities like Adyapujya Vignaraj Ganesha, Parama yogi Ambikeswar mahadev, Sankatamochana Panchamukhi Hanuman, Graha dosa nibaraka naba graha, Mangalamayi maa mangala, Shri chandika and maha sasthi etc.
Though the exact time and history of MAA’s emergence is not clear, however in the gazetteer and surveys on temple restructure and reform, viz. archeological surveys of mayurbhanj (1911) edited by notable archeologist of India, Late N.N. Basu and District gazetteer of mayurbhanj complied by eminent bureaucrat late Nilamani Senapati, it is mentioned that in the middle of the then baripada town, known as bagasamal gardh, there was a very small pitha (bijesthali) of Maa Ambika unattended and in a meager condition.
A temple for MAA was built at that time. The deity has no other immovable properties and assets except the bijesthali land.
From the Lagraj case #108, this information comes into picture that the then ruler of Mayurbhanj, Maharaja Krushna Chandra Bhanja, when got seriously ill by the incurable small pox disease at that time, he seeks the blessings of Maa Ambika to cure him from this deadly disease and for the seva puja of Maa, he has fixed Rs. 36/- per year, the revenue generated from Tilagadia Mauza in Kuliana gram in the last part of year 1800.
The present main temple is constructed by the then renowned Gujrati Contractor Late Walji Gobind. When his only son was seriously ill by the then incurable smallpox, he worshiped MAA and prayed her to cure his son and after his son got cured from this deadly due to MAA’s blessings, he re built this temple for Maa in 1920. In the due course of time, the current structure got extended and the temples for other deities inside the premises constructed with the help and donations of the devotees of MAA.
Dainik Puja Vidhi Of MAA:
The daily seva puja of MAA starts in early morning and performed in holiness and in a whole hearted manner by MAA’s priests with the sacred sound of sankha, ghanta and mrudanga played by the devotees.
In the special festive days, “Sodhasa Upachara” puja, “Chandi”, “Homa” etc. are performed in tantric as well as in Vaidik way as per the devotees’ requests and with their cooperation.
In the evening, the seva puja starts from MAA’s Aarati, performed by the priests, which is so heavenly and mind pleasing that, can’t be narrated in words and can be feel by physical attendance only.
Soon after the completion of the Aarati, starts the sankirtana by the devotees in a well composed manner that whoever listens it, start to chorus with a divine feeling.
Special festivities at MAA’s Temple:
The special festivals organized and performed at MAA’s temple are the annual ‘Durga Puja’ and ‘Basanti Puja’as well as ‘Pana Sankranti’, ‘Rojo Sankranti’, ‘Makara Sankranti’.
Saradiya Durga Puja, as known as ‘Durga Puja’ in general and one of the main festivals of MAA, performed with ‘Sodosha Upachara’, ‘Chandi’ patha and ‘Homa’ yagyan on the days of ‘MahaSaptami’, ‘MahaAstami’, ‘MahaNavmi’ and on ‘Dasahara’ the special puja completion has been done in the traditional way with the “Purnahuti”.
Similarly, at the time of Basantakalin Durga Puja, popularly known as ‘Basanti Puja’ the same ‘Sodosha Uapchar’ puja vidihi is adopted on ‘Basantika Saptami’, ‘Ashoka Asatami’, ‘Rama Navami’and ’Purnahuti’ is given on the ‘Dasahara’ which completes this special puja ritual.
Maa’s connection with the Baripada Jagannath Temple:
In many rituals performed in Baripada’s Jagannath temple, MAA’s presence and importance can be felt.
On the day of ‘Sunia’ in ‘Indra Dhwaja’ puja(a festival performed in Jagannath temple to please the god of rain, Indra), Maa Ambika’s pujaka along with MAA’s ‘Aagyanmala’ and ‘Khadga’ go around the ‘Dhwaja’and starts ritual after which only the puja starts.
Similarly, in the famous festival of Ratha Yatra, MAA’s puja possess a lot if significance and importance.
On the starting day of Ratha Yatra, before the ‘Pahandi Bije’ of the three sibling deities to their chariots, Maa’s Pujaka comes with ‘Aagnyamala and ‘Khadga’ and perform the puja rituals which is known as ‘Ratha Prathistha’. This special tradition seen only in baripda’s ratha yatra is given equal importance like the ‘Chera Pahanra’ vidhi performed in Puri Ratha Yatra.
It is believed that in this way MAA is assuring the protection of the Rathas, the Ratha yatra as well as the devotees from all the unforeseen evil.
Significance with the world famous CHAU and BHAKTA Parba:
The artists of the world famous ‘Chau’ perform the traditional Nisha Ghata Puja in the last two nights of Chaitra in the temple in front of the goddess.
Similarly the first puja of Bhakta Praba in Chirta month starts from MAA’s temple and performed seven days in a row.
As a whole:
The premises of the temple, blessed with the medicinal trees like Bael (Bilwa)tree, Peepal (Aswastha) tree, Neem (Nimba)tree and Tamarind (Tentuli) tree. Its surroundings are so tidy and clean, which makes it’s atmosphere cool and in terms brings heavenly peace. And its possible because of the daily ‘karaseva’ performed by the devotees self willingly, which is comparable with the ‘karaseva’ of Amritsar’s ‘Swarna Temple’.
The day to day seva puja activities, development and various festivities are performed and managed in a well organized way by the hereditary trusties with the help and cooperation of the devotees.
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