Tantra: Shiva and Linga Puja
Shiva Puja is the name of the action in Hinduism by which one worships Lord Siva through traditional and ancient rites with the use of mantra, tantra, kriyas, mudras, and abhishekam.
It is said that Shiva (tlr. Siva, Shiv, Śiva, ziva) represents the Destructor of bed Karman in the Hindu holy trinity of Creator (Brahma), Sustainer (Vishnu) and Destroyer (Shiva). In Hindu astrology, Shiva is said to represent influence of planets on the mind and thus is worshipped for greater mental strength, vitality and vigor. Shiva is said to be an Abhisheka-Priyar (Abhishekam: cleanse with holy water and Priyar: beloved).
Shiva is one of the Hindu trinity that comprises the creator Brahma, the protector Mahavishnu, and the godhead Shiva whose primary responsibility is maintaining the life cycle. Shiva is the only godhead who is forever in deep meditation, totally absorbed in contemplation in His abode, Kailaasa mountain in the great Himaalaya.
Shiva is an ascetic and several religious stories and dramas portray that all attempts to distract Him from that principal pursuit through temptations always ended up with disaster for those initiating such an effort. Thus Kaama, the Lord of Desires, who tried such a distraction was burned alive through the fire when Shiva opened His third eye.
On the other hand Shiva is all compassion when it came to saving the world from the serpent Vaasuki’s poison during the amritamanthana. Vaasuki, used as a churning rope, was so tired and sick from the repeated action of churning that he vomited the most potent poison into the ocean of milk.
Fearing the destruction of the world through this poisoning, Shiva immediately drank the poison. He Himself would have succumbed to the poison were it not for the timely intervention by Paarvati, His consort. Paarvati held Shiva’s throat tightly preventing entry of the poison into His body.
Linga – Sanskrit लिङ्गं liṅgaṃ – is the visible symbol of the Supreme Lord. To a Veerashaiva Lingayat the Linga is the real body of Parashiva and Parashakti combined, a mass of highest luster, eternal bliss, highest knowledge, a source of the universe and the invisible Chaitanya existing in all beings. Veerashaiva Lingayats believe that a person will never be polluted as long as the Linga is worn on the body, because Linga is the fire which burns all impurities. The term Lingam, in Sanskrit, means ‘sign’ and have nothing with sex fallus abuse pseudotantrics and mentally ill demoniac. True TANTRA means to worship the Lord Shiva with Linga Puja.
The term, Linga has many meanings, generally as a mark or sign. It’s gravest misinterpretation is to relate it to a penis by its shape more so by western stupid philosophers and sex abused ill people. But strictly it refers to a mark and can be elaborated as a Godly mark – the Lingam itself or mark of man – purusha linga or mark of a woman – sthree linga (Yoni). Monier-Williams gives ‘a mark, spot, sign, token, badge, emblem, characteristic’ a more acceptable meaning. Better yet, the linga is an abstract symbol of God. Materialised through the siddha guru Lingam is a means of proof, a proof, evidence! In some legends, the Shivalingam ‘pierces’ the three worlds or cities. In one version, it is related that the gods Brahma and Vishnu were debating which of the two of them was the ‘greater’, when there appeared before them a vast column of light. Brahma, mounted on his swan, flew upwards to find its peak, whilst Vishnu, taking the form of a boar, descended to find its foundation. Although they searched for thousands of years, they could find neither peak nor foundation. Finally they found a Ketaki flower which had fallen from the lingam’s head. The flower told them that it had been falling for ten eons and that no one knew how much more time it would take it to reach the ground.
Thus we may understand the lingam as being a primordial axis mundi – a form of world- tree or shaman’s ladder which passes through all of the known worlds. In the microcosm, the lingam springs forth from the bindu (point) within the triangle formed by Iccha-Kriya- Jnana Shaktis (the powers of ‘think-decide-act’) and rises, piercing the chakras.
A central concept in Tantra is that of divine immanence – that one can experience the divine through the worship of god or goddess in a living form. This commonly appears in the forms of tantric puja (ritual) where a goddess is worshipped in the form of a living woman, Śri Mataji – woman in the role of Guru. Tantrics notes the teachings of Vaishnavacharan, a nineteenth – century tantric contemporary of Ramakrishna, whose Kartabhaja School of tantrics practised the method of “delighting in God in the forms of man”, that means to prise living Guru! That is to say, Vaishnavacharan’s followers sought to experience divine ecstasy by making a living man the subject of their adoration. Jivantalingapuja – this is Worship of the Living Lingam during Gurupuja and during Puja, the Guru is Jivanta Lingam!
Types of Lingas
Lingas range from temporary versions made of sandalwood paste or river clay for a particular rite to more elaborate ones of wood, precious gems, metal, or stone. There are precise rules of proportion to be followed for the height, width, and curvature of the top.
Variations include the mukhalinga, with one to five faces of Shiva carved on its sides and top, and the lingodbhavamurti, a South Indian form that shows Siva emerging out of a fiery linga to demonstrate his superiority over Vishnu and Brahma. Some lingas are topped with a cobra, symbolizing the kundalini chakra located at the base of the spine (see Kundalini Yoga).
The most revered lingas are the svayambhuva (“self-originated”) lingas, which were made directly from light without human assistance. Nearly 70 are worshipped throughout India and are places of pilgrimage. Lingayatis have small Lingas materialised through siddhi power help.
A Glorious Worship – Shiva Lingam
Shiva Lingam is the holy symbol of Lord Shiva that is considered quite sacred and worshipped with devotion by the devotees. The sanskrit word li.ngam (IAST) means symbol, so shiva lingam means symbol of Shiva (Siva). It is considered the foremost sacred symbol for shaivaites and has been worshiped for ages. The purANas like shiva mahA purANam discuss about the superiority of li.nga worship. (1) (The Indus valley excavation is an example for the presence of this worship in olden times.)
Once the god of creation brahma and the god of protection mahA vishNu entered in an argument on deciding who is greater. When those two great gods were fighting between themselves, the Greatest of all Lord shiva who is formless and transcends everything appeared as a pillar of flame. God told brahma and vishNu that whoever finds the head or the foot of His flame form would be considered greater. brahmA took the form of swan (ha.msam) and set out to reach the top of the Fire. vishNu became a wild pig to see the foot of the Fire. Where are the limits for the infinite God? They could not succeed in spite of their heavy effort. They realized their mistake and the peerless greatness of Lord shiva. The God who can never be reached by ego appears as the form of love to those who surrender to Him. Lord shiva appeared in the form of shiva li.ngam (which is the shape of flame) for their benefit. They worshiped that oldest form of Him and got blessed. The God who came to bless them from the Flame, from the li.ngam is known as li.ngodbhava (2). This incident is depicted in shiva mahA purANam (1) and many other scriptures.
As the God stood as pillar of flame, the natural adornment for the Lord is Holy Ash. (As ash would be found on the surface of the fire). As the God stood as the Luminat Flame that stood up the shiva sahasranAma hails God as Urdva retas and the shiva aShtottara as hiraNya retas. The hymn that starts nidhana pataye namaH, refers to many similarities of Flame and shivalinga.
God is formless, attributeless and omnipresent. This state is called arUpa (formless). For the benefit of the pashus, He took the form of shiva li.ngam which is neither form nor formless but is a symbol. This symbol of Him is called arUparUpam (formless form). He took many forms out of His mercy to bless all, which are called rUpams. (2). shaivam worships the God in all these three states. The oldest form that the formless God took namely the shiva li.ngam is called sadAshiva mUrtam and is worshipped in the altar of His abodes (temples). The forms that He later took which are called mAhEshwara mUrtam are worshipped in the outer circles in a temple.
This shiva li.nga worship is superior because it makes the worship simple because of the form while maintaining the truth that God is not having any definite form. There are a lot more marvelous principles behind the shiva li.nga worship which could be found in detail in standard scriptures.
Lingam Puja – How to Worship Shivling at Home?
Shivling or Shiva lingam connects a devotee with the Supreme Being – Lord Shiva. The lingam is the symbol of Lord Shiva and the lingam puja helps the devotee in understanding Lord Shiva. The Lord cannot be described but still we say he is without a beginning and an end and is without a form. It is difficult for a devotee to understand this formless nature. Therefore Lord Shiva appeared in the form of Jyotirlinga before Brahma and Vishnu. The Lingam thus is a symbol of Lord Shiva. Each Lingam puja, step by step, takes the devotee to the eternal truth – that he/she is part of the Supreme Being.
Tantric Worshipping Shivalinga at Home
Before starting the Puja, the devotee takes a bath and wear freshly washed clothes. Hymns praising Lord Shiva or the mantra ‘Om Namaha Shivaaya’ are repeated to create a mood for worship. Then, the devotee sits in front of the Lingam and blows conch or ring bells. This indicates the beginning of the Puja.
First it is the Pancamrita abhisheka – the libation of five holy liquids over the lingam. The libation can consist of any five of the following – water from river Ganga, honey, sugarcane juice, milk, yogurt, ghee, seawater, coconut water or milk, fragrant oils, rose water or other precious liquids. Usually, only milk of cow is used. While pouring the liquid, mantram Om Namah Shivaya is uttered. Some devotees utter the Lord’s name 108 times and some 1008 times. There is no fixed rule.
After the Panchamrita Abhisheka, the Lingam is cleaned with water from Ganga. (This is might not be possible always so just normal water.) After this the lingam is smeared with sandalwood paste and is decked with flowers. Water and sandalwood paste is used to keep the lingam cool, as Lord Shiva is always in a highly inflammable state. In some Shiva temples, cooling liquid constantly drops from pot hung above the Lingam.
Next, sweets, coconut and fruits are offered to the Lord. Camphor and incense are lit and ‘Aarati’ is conducted. Some devotees fan the lingam and sing praises of the lord.
Finally, ringing of bells or blowing of conch indicates the end of Puja. White ash (vibhuti) is rubbed on the forehead and it is also distributed. Fruits, sweets and coconut are distributed as ‘prasad.’
Simple Linga Worship
In Practice, Linga Puja is the adoration of Linga with different kinds of offerings, treating Isthalinga as you would treat your most beloved and revered friend and guest. You do all the nice, pleasant things for the Linga, like offering fragrant sandalwood paste, beautiful flowers, incense, auspicious light, mantras and songs in His praise. These offerings are called Upacaras. The prescribed number of Upacaras are in groups of eight, sixteen, thirtytwo or forty eight (to be performed as time and place permit). Commonly used Upacaras are eight (Astavida Lingarchana) or sixteen (Shodashopacara). However one offering more or one less is not critical. Linga Puja can be simple or as elaborate and time consuming as you would want it to be. It is important that you do the Lingapuja and offer your prayers to God at least once a day. When all the Linga Puja items are not available use as many as you can find. At least bathe the Linga with water, apply Vibhuthi, concentrate your thoughts on God in the form of Linga, say Om Namah Shivaya and do Namaskara. If nothing else you can think of God with devotion, say Om Namaha Shivaya and bow to Shiva at any place any time.
Lingapuja as private practice is to be performed daily, preferably in the morning, after bathing at home in a Puja room and when not in home in a clean, quite palce. By doing the Lingapuja in the morning you will be starting the day in a calm and pleasant state of mind. The Astavaranas: namely the Guru (spiritual master), Linga (emblem of God), Jangama (traveling spiritual guide), Vibhuti (sacred ashes), Rudrakshi (a berry sacred to Shiva), Mantra (sacred syllables), Padodaka (Conserated Water) and Prasada (Blessing in the form of flowers or food) are considered as eight aides to the spiritual development of a Lingayatis.
Here again we do not spot doing puja if one or more of the Astavaranas are missing. For instance if Rudrakshi is not available , we should person Puja without it, instead of not doing Puja at all. Also remember that Linga represents both Guru and Jangama for everyday Puja.Most important is our devotion and prayers said in sincerity.We must concentrate completely on God and surrender ourself to His care.
Method of Linga Puja.
Rub tip of right middle finger on top of Vibhuti,. Write Om ( Kannada / Sanskrit )with the vibhuti-coated middle finger tip, in the fresh water to be used for Puja. This sanctifies the water. Sprinkle a few drops on your head and on Puja utensils.
2. Vibhuti Or Bhasma
Wearing Vibhuti denotes purity of mind and submission to God.
Coat the inside of the three middle fingers of your right hand with Vibhuti by rubbing on top of the Vibuthi block.
With Vibuthi-coated three middle fingers of your right hand apply Vibuthi on your forehead from left to right. Using the middle finger tip apply a dot of Vibuthi between he two eyebrows – the center of Knowledge.
4. Sarvanga Vibhuti
Also apply Vibuthi to both sides of the wrists, arms and upon the heart.
Wear either 108,32 or at least one Rudrakshi, on a string around your neck.
Pour sanctified water in a stream over the Linga held in center of your left palm. You may hold down the Linga with the middle finger so that the Linga wont fall.
Wipe Linga and your hands with Vastra (towel reserved for Puja only)
8. Shatkona and Om
With the edge of Vibuthi draw a six-sided star (a triangle pointing upwards, overlayed with a triangle pointing down) on your left palm. Write Om in the center (kannada/Sanskrit)
9. Panchakona and Om
Alternately draw a five sided star and Om (kannada/Sanskrit) on your left palm with Vibuthi.
Place Linga upon the star on your left palm. Make sure that the Jalahari is pointing to your right side (Jalahari is indicated either by an Om, or by a small nick in the side of the Linga)
11. Vibhuti for Linga
Using thumb, middle finger and ring finger apply three time Vibuthi around Linga in a circular motion. (Alternately Vibuthi may be applied to the Linga with three middle fingers the same way that you apply Vibuthi on your forehead).
Dip Right fingue in the Gandha (sandal wood paste). Apply a dot of Gandha in the center, to the face of Linga.
Apply two to five grains of Akshata (raw unbroken rice / jowar / sajje) over Gandha dot.
14. Patri and Pushpa
Using thumb, middle and ring fingers put flowers and Bilva leaves on top of Linga.
Wake lighted incense stick before the Linga.
16. Ghante /Ghanta
Sound the bell using a rattling motion.
Gently wave Arati lamps in a clockwise up and down motion before the Linga.
18. Karpura Deepa
Light Karpura (camphor) piece in metal camphor holder and wake before Linga.
19. Dristi Yoga
Bring the Linga on your palm to your eye level.Focus eye and thoughts upon Linga.
While focusing on the Linga softly say “Om Namaha Shivaya“ Mantra twelve times and meditate (In the beginning say the mantra only once. Over a period of time you may gradually increase the number of times that you will repeat the mantra – Om Namaha Shivaya.
The illustrated diagram shows the pattern. Start from 1 count clock wise with the tip of your thumb until you reach 9. Continue counting No 10 and 11 with pointer finger. Resume counting with thumb. End on bottom of middle finger. With each count say “Om Namaha Shivaya“ once. To count 26 times go around once more in the same pattern, continue for two more counts, ending on bottom part of the little finger.
“Om Namaha Shivaya“ Mantra may be uttered 51 times, 108 times, or 1000 times with the help of Japamala (counting beads or rosary), preferably made of Rudrakshi. Start with the bead next to the shikamani or top bead. (Shikamani is the bead tied so that it will protrude). Every time you repeat the Mantra move one bead towards you until you reach the Shikhamani. Stop on the Shikhamani.
In a small plate arrange a few raisins. Wave your palm over the raisins and towards the Linga, indicating offering of food (After completion of Puja you may eat the raisins as Prasada).
After naivedya offer water by pouring some water from the jar into the Majjanasali (bowl)
Bow to the Linga by touching your forehead to the palm area next to the Linga.
Using thumb and pointer finger remove flowers and leaves off the Linga and drop them into the Majjanasali. (Later empty the Majjanasali at the base of a living plant).
27. Apara Snana
Wash Linga Once More. Dry with vastra.
Again apply Vibhuti to Linga with thumb, middle finger and ring finger (or with three middle fingers)
29. Padodaka or Teertha
Pour some water on the Linga to consecrate the water and collect it under the Linga on your palm.
30. Teertha Sweekara
Holding Linga with right hand, sip Teertha (water consecrated by Linga)
31. Hudugada Pavuda
Dry the Linga and place it on Hudugada Pavuda (new cloth approximately 2″ x 2″ in size reserved for the linga). Fold the four sides of the Pavuda towards the top center to cover the Linga. Place Hudugada Pavuda and Linga together in the lower half of the Gandagadigi/ Karadige.
32. Gandagadigi/ Karadige.
Slide top of the Gandagadigi over the bottom half and secure them together by forming a knot with the Shivadhara (thread holding the Gandagadigi) over the side columns.
Wear the Gandagadgi around your neck so that the Linga will be next to your heart.
34. Final Prayers
At the end of the Puja say “Jaya Namaha Parvathi Hara Hara Mahadeva” (Glory to Parvathi and Shiva).
Pradosham or Pradosh vratham is an auspicious vrata dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is observed on the thirteenth day of every fortnight (Shukla Paksha and Krishna Paksha) in Hindu calendar. Shivalinga puja at Pradosha time and observance of fasting are the main rituals of Pradosham day. In all Pradosha vratas, Shani Pradosha and Soma Pradosham are the important days. Pradosham which falls on Shanivara (Saturday) is Shani Pradosh and on Somavara (Monday) is Soma Pradosham.
The Thirteenth Evening twilight after the new moon, is considered is a very holy and auspicious day for the worship of Lord Shiva. The transition between sunrise to sunset on this day, every month is worshipped as Pradosha Kaala Pooja (Pradosha: 11th day, Kaala: time). Pradosham literally means the removal of sins. These times are the windows of opportunity to remove karma or karmic energies that limit our potential in this current life. Pradosha pooja is one of the most sacred and important according to PRADOSHA PURANA. During Pradhosha time anointing (Abhishekam) the Shiva deity with the Following is considered fruitful.
Pradosha kalam – pradosha timings, everyday pradosha details
Everyday between 5.30 to 6.00 pm in the evening is called Dina Pradosham. Every thirteenth day of a Paksha (15-day cycle, making it two Pakshas every month – Krishna Paksha and Shukla Paksha) is called Maha-Pradosham. The time between 5.30 to 6.30 pm in the evening is called Pradosham (Dina Pradosham). During the Pradosha period, it is significant to worship Lord Shiva, as He performs the Holy Dance in Kailashaparvatam – Mount Kailash, all Devatas assemble there to watch this holy event, offer their Prayers to HIM. Thinking and meditating during Pradosha Kalam is considered most sacred by Hindus and helps derive benefits of having worshipped all Devatas at one go.
A simple and powerful ancient ritual is still widely practiced in India today involves pouring milk over a Shiva Linga as one recites Thiru Neela Kantam. It encourages people to recite the karma busting sounds Thiru Neela Kantam.
The 3 Levels of Pradosham
Each energy level indicates how much karma may be released at that time. All levels are designed to help speed our evolution and make our lives easier and happier.
First Level: All Pradoshams occur between 1-1/2 hours before and right up until the moment of sunset in the time zone where you are physically.
The Middle Level: These Pradoshams occur twice each month – on the 13th moon day after the New Moon and after the Full Moon. Check out our 2011 Calendar to ensure you get the date correct and that you’re up to date on all the other astrologically significant dates. If you are counting from the Full Moon, Pradosham will normally occur two days before the next New Moon, and if you are counting from the New Moon Pradosham will normally occur two days before the next Full Moon.
The Supreme Level: Sani Pradosham and Soma Pradoshams occurs when one of the 13th moon days occurs on a Saturday or a Monday respectively. The planet Saturn is considered an Agent of Karma who delivers many of life’s tougher lessons to help us refine and evolve our souls. Pradosham time are measured by the phases of the Moon.
Sani Pradosham – When 13th Moon falls on Saturday
It is believed that Shiva has more influence over Saturn on this day and can cause Saturn to loosen or release entirely some of the karmic bonds that limit us. It is also thought that the first Pradosham was on a Saturday and observing this time transports us back to time of the Churning of the Milky Ocean. Shani Pradosh or Sani Pradosha vrata is observed on Trayodashi tithi or the 13th day in Shukla Paksha or Krishna Paksha in a Hindu month which falls on Shanivar or Saturday. Any Pradosha puja is performed by devotees during or after Suryasthamaya or sunset. The main purpose of Sani Pradosha vrat is to pacify the bad effects of Lord Shani who is also known as one of the most powerful and effective Navagraha or nine celestial Gods.
Soma Pradosham – When 13th Moon falls on Monday
Monday is known to be time to worship Shiva, it is the day ruled by His consort, the Goddess Parvati who rules over the Moon. The Moon rules emotions and emotions influence thought. Karma is created by thought.
Once the gods (Devas) and the demons (Asuras) were churning the milky ocean with the help of Vasuki, the serpent king, hoping to extract amrtam (nectar) from the Kseerabthi (milk ocean). Vasuki who was employed as a rope for churning, endured severe abrasions and strangulation. Thereupon, she spewed halahalam, a potent dark poison capable of destroying the worlds. Threatened by the scorching venom, the celestials fled in great horror. Brahma took to His heels. Vishnu’s bluish body darkened further. Indra could not be seen. Agni, the fire god, could not bear the raging heat. Yama ran amuck in all directions. Varuna became unconscious, Kubera fled. Hosts of siddhas, Caranas, Gandharvas, Yakshas and Maharshis went to Kailasa and sought the Lord’s feet as refuge.
God Shiva was moved with pity at their plight and was overcome with compassion by their prayers. Soon He bade Sundara for a prompt intervention, who then rushed to the ocean, collected the all-pervasive poison and holding it in his hand as a small jambu fruit, returned to Kailasa. The Lord became exceedingly happy after seeing it. He showed it to Girija and gave the title ‘Halahala’ to Sundara, who thenceforth came to be known as Halahala Sundara. Thereupon, the Lord accepted the Halahala pellet from his hand and, with the loving permission of Universal Mother, swallowed it. By goddessUma’s command, the pellet froze in the Lord’s throat, painting it blue and becoming an embellishment, gave Him the name NilakanTa. [It is also a common practice for womanhood to worship Goddess Parvathi for long life of Husbands as She is having ‘Maangalya Baagyam’ and could turn the poison into nectar].
On Trayodhasi(thirteenth moon day) they realised their sin of not praying the God and pleaded for forgiveness. The pleased graceful Lord Shiva forgave them and danced between the horns of the Nandhi (Holy Bull). That time is called Pradhosham. Whoever Prays Lord Shiva in that time, Lord Shiva fulfills their wishes and give them mukthi. Anoint Lord Shiva with Love, He would give Himself!
Among the poojas performed by Shaivites to the Graceful Lord Shiva. In Shukla Paksha (15 moon days from new moon to full moon) and Krishna Paksha (15 moon days from full moon to new moon) the evening of the Trayodasi (thirteenth moon day) between 4.30 pm to 6.00 p.m. is called “Pradosham”. It comes once in fifteen moon days. Pradosha time is to Pray Lord Shiva and invoke His Blessings. Praying in this time will free us from sins and gives Moksha (hence the name Pradosha). During Pradosha time, a special type of circumambulating called (“Somasutra Pradakshinam) which is elaborated in this site separately.
Pradhosha pooja is one of the most important among the poojas performed to the Graceful Lord Shiva. In Shukla Paksha (15 moon days from New moon to Full moon) and Krishna Paksha (15 moon days from Full moon to New moon) the evening of the trayodasi (thirteenth moon day) between 4.30 p.m. to 6.00 p.m. is called Pradhosha. It comes once in fifteen moon days. Pradhosha time is especially meant for praying Lord Shiva. Praying in that time will free us from out sins and gives moksha finally (hence the name Pradhosha). During pradoSha time a special type of circumambulating called soma sUtra pradaxiNam(1) is done.
Once Dhevas and Asuras using the serpent Vasuki and the hill Mandhara were trying to get Amrutham (nector) from the Kseerabthi (milk ocean). Then the terrible poison Halahalam came up. All got frightened and pleaded to Lord Shiva for rescue. Being the peak of mercy Lord Shiva ate that poison. Then as per His order they resumed their effort to get Amrutham. They got it on Dhwadhasi (twelfth moon day). Without praying and thanking the God, by whom they got Amrutham, Devas started dancing and celebrating their victory.
On thrayodhasi (thirteenth moon day) they realised their sin of not praying the God and pleaded for forgiveness. The pleased graceful Lord Shiva forgave them and danced between the horns of the Nandhi (holy bull). That time is called Pradhosham. Whoever prays Lord Shiva in that time, Lord Shiva fulfills their wishes and give them mukthi.
During Prodhosha time anointing (Abhishekam) the Shiva deity with the following is considered fruitful.
Milk gives long life
Bilvam and flowers can be given for Shiva pooja. Please go to Shiva temple for every Pradhosham and live in His grace blissfully.
shivAya namah Om bhavAya namaH |
How to perform somasutra pradakshinam during pradosham
First saluting the Rishabha Devar (Holy Bull or Nandi) go anti-clockwise and salute Chandishwarar (not crossing the Gomukhi). Now return in the clockwise manner salute Rishabham and continue clockwise till the Gomukhi (not to cross it again). Then return in anti-clockwise direction salute the Rishabham again and proceed towards chaNdIshar. From there return back clockwise without worshiping Rishabham and reach the gomukhi. Finally return back anticlockwise from there to salute Rishabham and continue to Chandishwarar and return back to Rishabham and worship the shiva lingam (at the altar) by viewing through the space between the two horns of the Holy Bull. This is one Pradakshinam. Three such times Pradakshinam to be done. If you carefully observe the curve traced by doing the pradakshinam is very similar to the periphery of the crescent. Hence this way of circumambulating is called Somasutra Pradakshinam.
Shiva Abhishekam is usually performed to a Lingam representing his manifestation as a creator of good (by destroying evil). In many temples, one finds a vessel hung over the Lingam, that continuously drips water or other offerings onto the Lingam in deference to Shiva’s desire for Abhisheka.
Some of the common items used for Shiva Abhisheka are
Since Shiva is said to wear Nageshwara (Snake God) as an ornament around his neck, it is said that the fragrance of Aloe (which attracts snakes) is also a very holy item to be used for the worship of Shiva.
In contrast, it said that Lord Vishnu is Alankara Priyar (Desirous of ornamentation). Hence Vishnu Sthalas (places of worship of Lord Vishnu) have elaborately carved idols of Lord Vishnu with the alankaram (decoration ceremony) post the abhishekam, being a very elaborate ritual.
In any discussion of Hinduism, it is important to remember that these rituals are an off shoot of the interpretation of Vedas, the holy text of Hindus. These texts by themselves do not outline the deities or rituals for their worship thereof.
ABISHEKA NAME – ITS EFFECTS
PANCHAGAVYAM – Removes all sings of mankind
Shivaratri Puja (Pooja)
Shivaratri Pooja has been given tremendous significance in Hindu mythology. It is said that ritual worship of Lord Shiva on a Shivaratri day pleases Lord Shiva the most. Devotees further believe that by pleasing Lord Shankara on the auspicious Shivaratri day, a person is absolved of past sins and is blessed with Moksha or salvation.
Merits of Shivaratri Puja (Pooja)
According to Shiva Purana, sincere worship of Lord Shiva yields merits including spiritual growth for the devotees. It also provides extensive details on the right way to perform Shivratri Puja.
Shiva Purana further says that performing abhisheka of Shiva Linga with six different dravyas including milk, yoghurt, honey, ghee, sugar and water while chanting Sri Rudram, Chamakam and Dasa Shanthi pleases Lord Shiva the most. According to the mythology, each of these dravya used in the abhisheka blesses a unique quality:
Milk is for the blessing of purity and piousness.
Besides, worship of Lord Shiva on Shivratri is also considered to be extremely beneficial for women. While, married women pray to Shiva for the well being of their husbands and sons, unmarried women pray for a husband like Shiva, who is considered to be the ideal husband.
Getting Ready for Shivaratri Puja
To perform the worship of Lord Shiva on Shivratri, devotees wake up early and take a ritual bath, preferably in the holy waters of river Ganga. This is followed by worship to Sun God, Vishnu and Shiva in accordance with the purification rite observed on all-important Hindu festivals. Devotees then wear fresh new clothes and pay a visit to the nearest Shiva temple. As a tradition, devotees observe a fast on a Shivaratri day. Some do not consume even a drop of water.
Performing Maha Shivaratri Pooja
Following the method prescribed in Shiva Purana, priests perform ritual puja of Shiva Linga every three hours all through the day and night of Shivaratri Festival. During this pooja, chants of Om Namah Shivaya and sounds of bells reverberate in the temple. Following the bath with milk, yoghurt, honey, ghee, sugar and water that helps in the purification of the soul a vermilion paste is applied on the Linga as it represents virtue. These six items form an indispensable part of Shivaratri, be it a simple ceremony at home or grand temple worship
After this, Bilwa leaves, which have to be a stalk with three leaves, is kept on top of the Shivalinga to cool the hot-tempered deity. Ber or jujube fruit is also offered to Lord Shiva, as it is symbolic of longevity and gratification of desires. Some devotees also offer the auspicious betel leaves to Lord Shiva marking satisfaction with worldly pleasures. Garlanding of Linga with flowers and garlands is also a part of the ritual Shivaratri Puja. Devotees also burn incense sticks as is said to yield wealth. Many also light lamps to symbolize attainment of knowledge. It is said that by offering water, hugging the Linga, lighting the diya and incense and ringing the temple bells, devotees call into focus all their senses, making them acutely aware of themselves and the universe to which they belong.
This ritual worship of Lord Shiva continues through the day and night of Shivaratri. Devotees stay awake and spent the night in Shiva temples by chanting ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ and singing hymns and verses in praise of Lord Shankar. Devotees observing vrat on Shivaratri break it only the next morning by partaking prasad offered to Lord Shiva.
The below are two of the most popular Shiva Slokas
tryambakaṃ yajāmahe sugandhiṃ puṣṭi-vardhanam |
In the translation of Arthur Berriedale Keith, 1914):
Sri Lingashtakam is a popular 8-canto hymn chanted during the worship of Lord Shiva. The lyrics are as below
Brahma Muraari Suraarchita Lingam
Meaning: I bow before that Sada Shiva Linga, which is adored by Brahma, Vishnu and other Gods, which is praised by pure and holy speeches and which destroys the cycle of births and deaths.
Devamuni Pravaraarchita Lingam
Meaning: I bow before that Sada Shiva Linga, which is the destroyer of desires, which the Devas and the sages worship, which is infinitely compassionate and which subdued the pride of Raavana.
Sarva Sugandha Sulepitha Lingam
Meaning: I bow before that Sada Shiva Linga, which is lavishly smeared with variegated perfumes and scents, which elevates the power of thought and enkindles the light of discrimination, and before which the Siddhas and Suras and Asuras prostrate.
Kanaka Mahaamani Bhushitha Lingam
Meaning: I bow before that Sada Shiva Linga, the destroyer of Dakshas sacrifice, which is decorated with various ornaments, studded with different gems and rubies and which glows with the garland of the serpent Lord coiled around it.
Kumkuma Chandana Lepitha Lingam
Meaning: I bow before that Sada Shiva Linga, which is smeared with saffron and sandal paste, which is decorated with lotus garlands and which wipes out all accumulated sins.
Devaganaarchitha Sevitha Lingam
Meaning: I bow before that Sada Shiva Linga which is worshipped by the multitude of Gods with genuine thoughts full of faith and devotion and whose splendor is like that of a million suns.
Ashta Dalopari Veshtitha Lingam
Meaning: I bow before that Sada Shiva Linga, destroyer of all poverty and misery in its eight aspects, which is the cause of all creation and which stands on the eight petalled Lotus.
Suraguru Suravara Pujitha Lingam
Meaning: I bow before that Sada Shiva Linga which is the Transcendent Being and the Supreme Self, worshipped by all Suras and their preceptor (Brhaspathi), with innumerable flowers from the celestial gardens.
Special Mantras for Puja or Sadhana
Mantras are a useful tool to help you to improve on a particular quality or area of life. To be best utilized, select one and use it everyday for 40 days. While meditating, repeat the mantra to yourself for a selected number of times – usually a multiple of 108 or for a specified period of time. (Mantra beads are helpful for keeping track of the number of repetitions that you’ve done.) Do this every day and you will feel when the mantra has become a part of who you are. You may then find your mantra repeating itself within your mind without any conscious instigation on your part.
Outside of meditation, repeat the mantra whenever you have time during your day. This can be during any idle time or while doing any kind of repetitive work that doesn’t require active thinking – such as when you’re doing the dishes, taking a shower, walking, etcï¿½ Put yourself to sleep at night while repeating your mantra. Wake up with your mantra. Make it a part of your very essence.
A mantra must connect you with the sacred. Here is a list of some useful mantras. They are all in Sanskrit – a holy language from India. Select one that resonates with the area of life or quality that you’d like to enhance. If you don’t know which one to select I would recommend using Om as your first mantra.
The greatest of all mantras it is the representation of the Supreme Being. The past, present and the future are all included in this one sound. Meditation on this sacred syllable is said to satisfy every need and leads to liberation.
he peace of God.
Om mani padme hum
For opening the heart center and developing compassion.
Gate gate paragate parasamgate bodhi svaha
To go beyond all illusion to the ultimate reality of God.
To awaken to one’s own spirituality.
Tayata om muni muni maha munaye soha
To awaken the Buddha mind – the mind of enlightenment.
Om tare ture tuttare ture soha
To liberate oneself from fears.
Hari om tat sat
For purification and for the benefit of departed souls.
Om namo bhagavate vasu devaya
12 lettered mantra. Oh infinite Lord, indweller in the heart of all beings, unto you do I turn my consciousness. To see the God within everyone and everything.
Seed mantra for manifesting thoughts into the physical world. Begin by chanting or repeating this mantra, then visualize whatever it is you’d like to manifest. See it clearly and then repeat the mantra again until your visualization has been penetrated with the mantra.
Thiru Neela Kantam
To remove current karmic conditions. We share a mantra that is very effective in bursting and clearing karma. This mantra is “Thiru Neela Kantam”. It is pronounced TEE ROO NEELA KAHN TAHM (tee roo neeeee la cannnn tummmm). The basic method of using the mantra is to chant it aloud while visualizing a blue light surrounding and penetrating the area of the throat. This includes the tonsil region and the areas around the back of the kneck and surrounding shoulder area. Mentally focus and direct the sounds into the throat, penetrating the throat with the sounds. Just keep chanting it over and over whenever you have some time.
You can take anything that is currently bothering you or some reality in your life you would like to change and bring it into your mind and then focus the sound on it breaking it up. This is a fantastic mantra to use if you are feeling down or depressed, or if you are feeling anxiety and your mind is racing and stressing you. It will clear your mind, which is really your karma and help to bring you to a state of peace and calm.
We shared this mantra with many people who were suffering from various negative influences both internal and external and they have always experienced profound relief.
Om Gum Ganapataye Namah
To remove obstacles that are standing in the way of your progress.
Om Shrim Mahalakshmiyai Swaha
For prosperity and for attracting wealth of all kinds – such as friends, family, health, etc.
Om Namah Shivaya
Salutations to that which I am capable of becoming. Use this mantra to ease your spiritual unfoldment.
Om Sri Rama Jaya Rama, Jaya, Jaya Rama
To enable one to live a divine life within a human body. This mantra was used by Mahatma Gandhi for over 60 years.
Om Sharavana-bhavaya Namaha
To brighten and increase the positive effects of everything in your life.
Pradosha Vrata 2011
Here are the Pradosham 2011 dates: (Note: All the dates are given as per Indian Standard Time, IST.):
Pradosh in January 2011:
Pradosh vrat in February 2011:
Pradosha puja dates in March 2011:
Pradosh in April 2011:
Pradosh vratham in May 2011:
Pradosh fasting in June 2011:
Pradosham in July 2011:
Pradosha puja in August 2011:
Pradosh September 2011 dates:
Pradosh October 2011:
Pradosham November 2011:
Pradosham in December 2011:
Pradosha on Saturday
There are two Shani Pradosh in 2011. First one is on 1 January 2011 and the second one is on 30 April 2011.
On 30.04.2011 – Saturday – from 30.04.2011 – 05.49 A.M to 01.05.2011 – 08.13 A.M – KRISHNA PAKSHA – Star: UthrattAdhi – Vaishakh krishna Trayodasi / Chaitra Krishna Trayodasi
Pradosha on Monday
Soma Pradosh vrata or Soma Pradosham is an auspicious Pradosha vrata which falls on Somvara (Monday). It is even more auspicious to perform Shiva Puja on this day. In 2011, Som Pradosh comes 5 times. First two are in January 2011, third is in May, fourth one is in June 2011, and the last Pradosh puja will be in October 2011.
Here are Soma Pradosha 2011 dates:
17 January 2011 – Soma Pradosha vrat – Pradosh in Shukla Paksha in Poush month.
SHIVA PUJA (NATHARAJA SHIVA PUJA)
How to do Shiva Puja Articles on How to do Shiva Puja Information on How to do Shiva Puja.
PROCESS OF SHIVA ADORATION
After taking bath, wearing neat and clean clothes, the worshipper should make oneself sanctified. All the things for Shiv-poojan, as given before in the list of substantial material required, should be kept ready. The CHAUKI, on which the Shiv-Diety is to be throned should be covered by the white cloth and then the phallus-deity be enthroned after giving it a bath in milk, then in GANGAAJAL (water of river Gangaa) in full devotion.
In the same way, the SHIV-TALISMAN should also be placed on the CHAUKI. Shiv-Deity, may be of any metal, stone, wood or clay. It is convenient to have an inscribed Talisman on a copper-plate, otherwise it can be drawn on a bark of birch tree by white sandal.
After giving throne to Lord Shiva, incense stick and the clay-lamp be lighted. The KALASH should also be placed on the right side, filled with water. The leaves of the wood-apple should be sanctified by giving them wash in clean water. It is the assumption that “Raamâ”, “Raamâ” is also written on these leaves by white sandal, it is more pleasing to God Shiva. To begin with Pooja after having seat on the Aasan infront of the Diety.
CONTEMPLATION MANTRA OF GOD GANESH
It is a well assumed and known fact in Hindu religious rites and worship of any God, that it must be begun after paying devotional regards to Shree Ganesh Ji first. Hence, in Shiv-Poojan too, we are to worship Lord Ganesh first. His deity should also be place on the CHAUKI by the right side of the main deity. He should be given substantial offers as Arghya, unbroken rice, flowers, niaiviaidya etc. pronouncement of Contemplation Verse, which is as follows:
BENEDICTION VERSE (SWASTI VAACHAN)
After Ganesh contemplation, unbroken rice and water (in meagre quantity) should be dropped in the feet of the diety.Now the Pooja of God, Lord Shiva is to be performed b reciting the Swasti speech.
Hari: Aum swasti na Indro vridhashrawaa: swasti na: Pooshaa vishwaveydaa: I
Swasti nastaarakshyo arishtaneymi swasti no vrihasapatirdadhaatu II 1 II
Aum paya: prithivvyaampaya: oshadheeshu payo divyantariksheypayodhaa: I
Payaswatee: p-apradisha: santu mahyam II 2 II
Aum Vishnoraraatamasi Vvishno: shneyptreystho vvishno: I
syoorasi vishnordhdhuvosi vvayisan vamasi vishnaveytwaa II 3 II
Aum Agniradayvataa vaato deyv-ataa sooryodeyvataa chandramaa deyvataa vasavo deyvetaa Rudro deyvataa-adityaa Maruto deyvataa vvishwey deyvataa vrihasppatiraddeyveteyndro deyvataa varuno deyvataa II 4 II
Aum dyau shaantirantariksha gwam shaanti: prithivee shaantiraap: I shaantiroshadhaya: shaanti: vanaspataya: shaantiravishweydeyvaa I shhantirabrihma shaanti: sarua gwam shaati: I hantireywey shaati: saamaa shaantireydh II 5 II
Aum Vishwaani deyva sawitarduritaani paraasuva yadabhadra tanna aasuva II
Aum shaanti: shaanti: shaanti: rabhavatu
After making Swati-Speech, one should sprinkle some water on his head three times, reciting the Purification Verse as follows:
Aum a-pavitra: Pavitro vaa Sarvaavasthaamgato-apivaa.
EVIL SPIRITS ERADICATION-VERSE
Then Bhoot Shudhi (Eradication of Evil spirit) should be done by reciting the following verse:
Aum apasarpantu tey bhootaa, Yey bhootaa sansthitaa.
After getting free from evil spirits the devotee should resolve as follows:
Hari: Aum tatasat I nama: parmaatmaney shree puraan purushottamaay shree mad bhagavatey mahaapurushasya vishnoraajyayaa pravartamaanasyaadyabrahmano dwiteeya, praharaardhey shree shweytavaaraaha kalpey vayivaswata manvantarey ashtaavinshatitamey kaliyugey kali pratham charney Jamboodweepey Bharata khandey Bhaaratavarshey aaryaavartaantargatadeyshayika punya ksheytrey shashthi samvatsaraanaa madhyey (1) naamni samvatsarey, (2) ayaney, (3) ritou, (4) maasey, (5) pakshey, (6) tithou, (7) nakshtrey, (8) yougey, (9) vaasarey, (10) raashisthitey Sooryey, Chandrey, Bhaumey, Budhey, Gurou, Shukrey, Shanou, Raahou, Keytou evam gunavishishtaayaa tithou, (11) gotrotpanna, (12) naamni (sharmaa, varmaa, etc), aham dharmaartha kaam, moksha heytavey shree Shiva poojan karishyey I
Note : In the above noted resolution it should be kept in mind that in place of numbers noted in between, the worshipper shall speak, names of : (1) Hindu samvatsar, (2) Ayan, (3) Season, (4) Month, (5) Fortnight whether dark or bright, (6) Hindu date, (7) Constallation, (8) Yoga (9) Day, (10) Signs in which sun, moon, mars, mercury, jupiter, venus, saturn, dragonâ€™s head head and tail are moving at the movement, (11) familyâ€™s clan, (12) worshipping person along with the sir name e.g. Sharma, Verma etc.
When devotee has taken resolution, he should recite the following verse taking rice in his right hand for the invocation of Lord Shiva.
Aavaahyaami Shree Shambho, Sharvvatwam Girijaapatey,
After invocation, it should be assumed that Lord Shiva has arrived, and He should be offered the seat (Aasan), by reciting this verse
Vishweyshwar Mahaadeyva Raajraajeyshwar Priya,
FEET WASH WATER OFFERING VERSE
Now it should be assumed that the master of this universe, king of kings has taken the seat alongwith Parwatiji, and they should be offered water to wash their feet by reciting the following verse, and the water should be dropped in the feet of deity.
Mahaadeyva Maheyshaan, Tribetram cha paraat-par.
Believing that the God has accepted feet-wash water, He should be offered libation, by reciting this verse.
Tri yamb-keysh sadaachaar, Jagdaadividhaayak.
PALM-PIT WATER OFFERING
Feeling that the all powerful, master and ruler of this universe has accepted libation, he must be offered water to have it in the palm-pit for sipping with the recitation of the following verse:
Tripuraantak Deenaartiharam, Shreekanth Shaashwat.
COW MILK OFFERING FOR BATH
With a deep feeling that the Great Lord, who destroyed the three cities has sipped the palmpit water, he should be offered to have cow-milk for bath by reciting the following verse:
Madhuram Gopaya: Punyam, Patapootam Puraskritam.
With the assumption that the cow-milk presented for bath has been accepted, curd for same purpose shall be offered, reciting this verse.
Durlabhamdivya Suswaadu Dadhi sarv priyamparam.
GHEE (BUTTER-OIL) BATH VERSE
When this act is over, and it has been felt that Paarwateenath has taken bath in curd, he is required to have the offer of butter-oil (Ghee) for further bath.
Ghritam gavyam shuchirasnigdham, Suseyayam pushtidaayakam.
Feeling as such that Lord Maheswar has taken bath in Ghee, a devotee is to offer Honey for taking bath.
Madhuram mridumohaghnam, Swarabhang vinaashanam.
After Madhusnaam (Honey-bath) the Lord is to be offered sugar by reciting the verse as follows:
Taapashaantimkaree sheera, Madhuraa swaad sanyuntaa.
FIVE PIOUS LIQUIDS MIXTURE BATH VERSE
If Panchaamrit is ready, the devotee is not required to give cow milk, curd, ghee, honey and sugar baths distinctly. He can offer the Lord only Panchaamrit Bath by reciting the verse given below.
Payodadhi Ghritam Kshaodrahi sharkaraa, Mishritayi: Kritam.
PURE WATER-BATH VERSE
Now after Panchaamrit bath or bath given by Cow-milk, Curd, Ghee, Honey and Sugar distinctly pure waterâ€™s bath is to be given to Lord, by speaking the verse as follows :
Gangaa Godaavaree Reywaa, Payoshanee Yamunaa tathaa.
SACRED THREAD VERSE
Now the sacred thread should be caused to make the Lord put on, speaking this verse:
Sauvarn Raajatam Taamram, Kaarpaasasya Tathaiva, Cha.
After, yajyopawee, the sacred thread had been offered, clothes, perfume, cinders, unbroken rice, flowers, wood-apple leaves, incense and lighted clay-lamp should be submitted, reciting the following verses respectively for distinct offers.
CLOTHES OFFERING VERSE
Vastraanipatt Koolaani, Vichitraani navaani cha.
PERFUME OFFERING VERSE
Sarveyshwar Jagad vandya, Divyaasan samaasthita.
CINDERS OFFERING VERSE
Auam triyaayusham Jagdagney:, Kashyapasya triyaayustam.
UNBROKEN RICE OFFERING VERSE
Akshtaanshcha Surshreyshth, Shubhraadhoonaash-ch nirmalaa.
FLOWER OFFERING VERSE
Maalyaadeeni Sungandheeni, Maalityaadeeni Vayi prabho.
WOOD-APPLE LEAVES OFFERING VERSE
Vilvapatram Suvarneyn, Trishoolaakaar Meyva cha.
INCENSE OFFERING VERSE
Vanaspatirasodabhooto, Gandhaadhyo gandh uttam:.
CLAY-LAMP OFFERING VERSE
Saajyam cha varti sanyuktam, Bahninaa yojitam mayaa.
SWEET OFFERING VERSE
After getting submitted lighted clay-lamp, flowers etc. Naivaidya, the sweets as food, shall be presented to the Lord by reciting this verse :
Apoopaani cha pakwaani, Mandkaavatakaani cha.
DRINKING WATER OFFERING VERSE
After this is over the God should be offered pure water to sip by taking it in hand-pit. While giving water as such, one should recite the following verse :
Paaneeyam Sheetalam, Gaangey-a Mahaduttamam.
HANDWASH WATER OFFERING VERSE
When drinking water has been presented and assumed that it has been accepted, water, to wash the hands is required to offer, which should be given, reciting the following verse:
Karpooraadeeni Dravyaani, Sugandheeni Maheyshwara.
FRUITS OFFERING VERSE
When water for hand-wash has been offered, fruits are presented. Shankarji likes the wood-apple specially, hence along with other seasonal fruits, wood-apple must also be offered pronouncing this verse :
Kooshmaandam Maaturlinganch, Naarikeyla phalaani cha.
BETAL BETALNUTS OFFERING VERSE
Now comes the Betal and betalnuts to be offered, which should be presented by speaking the following verse :
Pungeephalammah dravyam, Naagwallee dalairyutam.
MONEY OFFERING VERSE
Now comes the offering of money gold etc. which should be offered reciting the following verse:
Hiranyagarbh garbhastham, Heymbeej samanvitam.
Now the concluding stage of adoration arrives, which shall begin by Neeranjan, usually known as Aaratee. This is performed by the fivemouths lighted lamp circulating upward-downward before the diety from left to right. While accomplishing Aartee the following verse should be recited:
Agnirjyoti Ravirjyoti, Jyotirvaaraayano vibhu:.
After aartee, flower-offering i.e., handful flowers in both hands joined together should be submitted in the feet of diety by reciting this verse :
Hara vishwakhilaadhaaram, Niraaddhaaram Niraashra-ya:.
Then salutation comes to be submitted. It should be done by bowing head in the feet of Maheshwar reciting this verse.
Heytwey jagataameyva, Sansaaraarnavaseytawey.
CIRCULATIVE MOVEMENT VERSE
Then by moving around the diety from left to right, adoration process comes to the end. When moving as such the following verse should be spoken.
Yaani Kaani Paapaani, Janmaantar kritaani cha.
Before and after Shree Shiva Adoration one should go in meditation reciting these verses:
Dhyaayeynnityam Sureysham, Yatigatimadidam Yogkaadhaarameyka.
Maandhaataadi Prabhaava, Nigamajanijushaa Dhyaanadhaaraavagamyam,
Somam sorhaarameeshamdharani, Survar yaanchayaa Shankaram tam.
Bhaktyudreykaaya vargam kalyati, Vidushaam Yatkripaa tanhi Shambhum.
Bandhook Sannibham Deyvam Trinetram Chandrasheykharam,
Trishooldharrinam Deyvam. Chaaruhaas sunirmalam,
Kapaal dhaarinam Deyvam Vardaabhayahastkam. Umayaa sahitam
Saanandmaanand baney. Basantmaanandkandam hat paapabrindam,
Vaaraanaseenaathmanaath naatham, Shree Vishwanaatham sharan prapadyey.
After adorations and contemptation, a devotee should beg pardon for any mistake, if that might have been due to negligence or otherwise by reciting the following verse :
Aawaahanam na jaanami, Na Jaanaami tavaarchanam.
SHREE RUDRAASHTAK STROTRAM
Namaamee Shameeshaan Nirvaanroopam, Vibhun vyaapkam brahm veydaswaroopam.
Om Namah Shivaya! Mahadevaya!
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