Akshaya Tritiya

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Akshaya Tritiya
Observed by Hindus and Jains
Type Hindu, Jain
Celebrations 1 day
Observances Hindus worship Lord Ganeshand Goddess Lakshmi and purchase gold whereas with Jains the image of TirthankaraRishabhadeva is given a ceremonial bath (Abhisheka) with sugarcane juice and a special worship ritual is performed.
Begins Vaisakha
Date late April-early May
2015 date 21 April
2016 date 9 May
2017 date 28 April
Frequency annual

Akshaya Tritiya, also known as Akha Teej (In Gujarat) , is a holy day for Hindus and Jains. It falls on the third Tithi (lunar day) of Bright Half (Shukla Paksha) of the pan-Indian month of Vaishakha and one of the four most important days for Hindus.[1][2][3] It is an auspicious day of the birthday of Lord Parasurama who is the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. On this day Veda Vyas and Lord Ganesha began to write Mahabharata. Jains celebrate this day to commemorate Tirthankara Rishabha‘s ending of one-year fast by consuming sugarcane juice poured into his cupped hands.

In Jain and Hindu calendars, some days of the month are absent in counting and some days (tithi in lunar calendars) come extra, but Akshay tritiya is one day which is never “absent” from the lunar calendar.

The word “Akshaya” means the never diminishing in Sanskrit and the day is believed to bring good luck and success. It is believed that if you do charity on this day you will be blessed. On Akshay Tritiya, Mrutika is worshiped.

The day is considered auspicious for starting new ventures. The legend is that any venture initiated on the auspicious day of Akshaya Tritiya continues to grow and bring prosperity. Hence, new ventures, like starting a business, construction, etc. is performed on Akshaya Tritiya.

Astrological significance[edit]

As per Hindu electional astrology (Muhurta) three lunar days (tithis) are auspicious. These are called Sade-Teen Muhurtas also. These Tithis are first Tithi of Bright Half of Chaitra (starting of new year), tenth Tithi of Bright Half of Ashvina (Vijay Dashmi), third Tithi of Bright Half of Vaishakha (Akshay Tritiya- Parshu Jyanti) it is also Lingayat religion founder lord Basveshvara Jayanti and first Tithi of Bright Half of Karttika are called “Sade-Teen (3 ½) Muhurt”. The first three tithis are counted as full and the last one as half Tithi and constituteSade – Teen Muhurt. Sun and moon are astrologically believed to be at their most exalted equal brightness on this day.

Akshaya Tritiya is also called Navanna Parvam. Akshaya Tritiya falling on a Rohini star Monday is considered more auspicious.

Religious significance[edit]


In Hinduism, Akshay Tritiya was the day when Vyasa started writing the history of the great Bharat war in the form of an epic Mahabharata. This day is symbolized by god Vishnu, the preserver-god in the Hindu Trinity. According to Hindu mythology, on this day the Treta Yuga began and the river Ganges, the most sacred river of India, descended to the earth from the heaven.

It was on this day that Goddess Annapoorna devi was born.

Kubera received his wealth and position as custodian of wealth and property with Goddess Lakshmi on this day, by praying to Lord Shiva at Shivapuram.

It is traditionally observed as the birthday of Parashurama, the sixth incarnation of god Vishnu. The Puranic scriptures speak about how he reclaimed the land from the sea.

In Mahabharata, Yudhishthira receives the Akshaya patra, which he uses to serve food for all the needy in his kingdom.

It is on this day that poor Sudama, the best friend of Krishna visits Him (Lord Krishna) to greet Him after He became the King. With nothing to offer, Sudama takes with him Poha (puffed rice) and offers it to his friend and never discusses his poverty though he intends to. On his return he finds his hut changed to a palace.

It is on this day that Dushasana, Duryodhana‘s brother, unveils Draupadi at the royal court where Krishna protects her providing the ‘unending’ veil…

In more recent history, Adi Shankara recited the Kanaka Dhara Stotr on this day for the sake of the poor couple at whose house he stopped for Bhiksha and was offered their only available gooseberry.

Goa and Kerala regions, even today, are referred to as Parushurama Kshetra. Akshaya Tritiya, the third day of the bright-half of the lunar month of Vaisakha is considered one of the most sacred days of the year.

In Odisha, on Akshay Tritiya day, farmers start ploughing their land and construction of chariots for Rath Yatra begins at Puri.

This day is generally observed by fasting and worship of Lord Vasudeva with rice grains. A dip in the river Ganges on this day is considered to be very auspicious.

The Vedic scriptures[where?] say that knowledge gained or charity done on Akshay Tritiya is very fruitful. It is considered to be a very lucky day to start new business or venture. Many people buy gold or property on this day.

Fasts are kept on this day and pujas are performed. In charity, fan, rice, salt, ghee, sugar, vegetables, tamarind, fruit, clothes, are given. The god Vishnu is worshiped. Tulsi water is sprinkled in the nearby area of the idol while performing aarti.

In Bengal, on the day of the Akshay Tritiya, “HalKhata” – a ceremony to start the new audit book is performed – with the worship of Ganesha and goddess Lakshmi. Bengalis perform many rites and rituals on this day.

This day is most auspicious day for the Jat farming community. Early morning, a male member of a Jat family goes to the field with a shovel. All the animals and birds encountered on the way to the field are omens and predictions for rains and crops. Akshay Tritiiya is an occasion for weddings, which are conducted in mass ceremonies. It is considered an unboojha muhurat.

It is believed that god Kubera, the treasurer of the gods, is the richest deity. Lakshmi Tantram says that even Kubera will pray to goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and consort of Vishnu, on Akshay Tritiya. A day-long Kubera Lakshmi Puja is performed in which an image of Lakshmi is worshiped with Sudarsana Kubera Yantra, symbolising Kubera.

On Akshay Trutiya, a king or those who have the responsibility of taking care of the subjects, should perform ‘puja’, with gratitude and devotion, of the picture of ‘Vaibhav-Lakshmi’ with Sree Vishnu as it helps to make the subjects happy and prosperous. “We are not graced by ‘Goddess Lakshmi’ as she is the divine energy (shakti) of Sree Vishnu. How can His ‘divine energy’ come here and bless us if Sree Vishnu is not invited? Therefore, before worshiping Sree Lakshmi in any of her forms, first invite Sree Vishnu and then invite Sree Lakshmi as the worshiper gets maximum benefit of Lakshmi-tattva” (principle).[4]

In Jainism[edit]

Followers of Jainism consider Akshaya Tritiiya to be a holy and supremely auspicious day. It is associated with Lord Adinatha, also known as Rishabhadeva, first of the twenty-four Tirthankaras. On this day people who observe the year-long alternative day fasting known as Varshi-tap finish their Tapasya by doing parana by drinking sugarcane juice.[5][6][7][8]

The day of Akshaya Tritiya is worshiped and said to be auspicious in Jainism because it is said to have established the very first “ahara charya”: a methodology to prepare and serve food to Jain monks. Lord Rishabhadeva denounced the worldly pleasures after dividing his vast kingdom amongst his 101 sons, prominent of whom are Gommateshvara Bahubali (whose world’s tallest monolithic statue stands at Shravanbelgola and Chakravarti Bharata; it is known today as “Bharat”).

Lord Rishabhadeva meditated without any food and water for six months and after that set out to accept food (ahara). He was the first monk of this era. Jain monks do not own anything. They do not even cook food for themselves. When hungry or thirsty, (maximum once in a day), they set out to accept ahara. They do not ask for it and accept where it is offered. Tīrthankara Rishabhadeva went to people to accept food. However, the people of that time did not know anything about the lives and disciplines of monks, as he was the first monk of Avsarpinī. The people of Ayodhya offered him gold, jewellery, gemstones, elephants, horses, expensive garments and even their daughters to honour their beloved king.

But Rishabhadeva was not in search of these things. He sought only a morsel of food, but nobody offered it to him. Nobody understood that their king was looking for food to ensure that the monks who would come after him get food and water in the purest form needed to lead an ascetic life. As there was no choice, he had to fast for one year until King Shreyansa understood his need due to his “purva-bhava-smarana” (previous life). Shreyansa Kumar offered him sugarcane juice and thus Rishabhadeva ended his fast. This was on the day of Akshaya Tritiya. Hence, sugarcane juice is considered by Jains to be one of the best offerings. On this day, Jains observe a fast to commemorate their first Tirthankara Rishabhadeva and end their fast with sugarcane juice.

In Hastinapur, there is a fair held on Akshaya Tritiya. Jains arrive from all over India in large numbers to end their fasts. The ritual ending of a fast by Jains is called parana (पारणा).

Works recommended and prohibited during Akshay Tritiya[edit]

Being Yugadi Tithi, it is most beneficial for performing meritorious (Punya Karma) deeds such as recitations (Japa), penance (Tapa), donations (Dana) ritual bathing (Snaana), sacrifices (Havan), burnt oblations to fire (Hooma). But initiation / conducting of activities like wearing sacred thread (Upnayana), ending of fast, house construction and entering thereof, traveling and plantation is prohibited in certain communities, while most look forward to start/restart relationships, purchases and commitments on this auspicious day. To some, it is beneficial for spiritual and not worldly activities.

Worldly activities can be initiated during currency of this Tithi, however, aspirants must ensure that duration is not sullied by concurrence of malefic times observed according to the Hindu electional principles, and the moments are favourable to the doer by transits of the planets and the like. Aspirants are cautioned against using this Tithi blindly for initiating and conducting all types of life activities. Auspiciousness of the Tithis for specific activity depends upon simultaneous presence of Panchangam Shuddhi, Muhurt Yogas and host of other elements of Hindu electional astrology.

Starting a new activity or buying valuables on Akshaya Tritiya is considered to bring luck and success. The religious merit that is acquired by giving gifts on this day is considered inexhaustible. Many buy new gold jewelry on Akshaya Tritiya.

Most jewelry stores stock in new models for this occasion with “Lakshmi-inscribed” gold coins, diamond jewelry and golden dollars with the pictures of many gods and goddesses. There are vigorous campaign conducted by banks, jewelry shops and financial institutions, thus Akshay Tritiya has gained prominence. Although modern retailers are exploiting the materialistic urge in people, there is today a very high awareness regarding Akshaya Tritiya or Akha Teej.

On Akshaya Tritiya, Big Yatra at Shirwal (Khandal, Satara) start one day from Shivjayanti.

See also[edit]

Akshaya Tritiya Puja Mantra

1) While applying Chandan to Lord Krishna –

“Yam karothi thruthiyayaam Krishnam chandanam bhushitham
Vaishakhasyasithe pakshe Sayathyachyutha mandiram”

2) Parashurama jayanti mantra –

“Jamadagnya mahaveera kshatriyaantha kara prabho
Gruhanarghyam mayadattam krupayaa parameshwaraa”

3) While donating – 

Sri parameshwara preethyartha muda kumbhadaanoktha phala vaapyartham
brahmana yodakumbha daanam karishye thadanga kalasha pujyadhikam cha karishye”.

4) Kuber mantra – ever-lasting wealth in your life

“Kubera Twam Danadeesam Gruha Te Kamala Sithta
Tam Devem Prehayasu Twam Madgruhe te Namo Namah”

– See more at: http://blog.onlineprasad.com/akshaya-tritiya-puja-vidhi-mantra/#sthash.YQon50Cq.dpuf

Anything done on May 9th (IST) will be multiplied, amplified, and magnified manifold… every thought, every word, every action. So think your desires, speak your desires, be your desires, and multiply them a thousand-fold for an extremely flourishing life on Akshaya Tritiya 2016.

The ancient mystics of India were experts in observing how astronomical phenomena influence your life. They identified one special Moon that contains within it the secret of Non-Declining Wealth, the 3rd waxing Moon with an exalted Sun, called Akshaya Tritiya. This 24-hour window of time only happens once a year, when the Earth is energized with material abundance and royalty consciousness. If you hold, nurture, and meditate on the concept of Non-Declining Wealth, it will go deep into your consciousness and create a permanent link with Lakshmi and Kubera.

The merits done on this day will guarantee you a prosperous life in your next birth. The consequences of each thought, deed, or action are multiplied, amplified, and magnified on this day.

Festival for Prosperity – May 9th, 2016 (IST)

Gajas (elephants), ashwas (horses), and cows are being honored for their sacred powers. These are not just incredible animals, but they also symbolize royalty, power, magnanimity, energy, love, and abundance.

Gaja Pooja: Jupiter is the ruling planet of this magnificent animal. The elephant is a symbol of respect, honor, magnanimity, and power. First the elephant is bathed, then dressed, decorated, and offered light, incense, flowers, and food while Vedic priests voice the appropriate mantras and chants. This invokes the blessings of Lord Ganesha, the elephant-headed God who removes all obstacles.

Ashwa Pooja: The horse is first bathed, decorated, and dressed, and only then the Pooja is offered. Horse gram is then offered to the ashwa. The horse is a symbol for the planet Mars that represents energy and command.

Cow Pooja: The cow and her calf are first bathed, dressed, and decorated, and only then is the pooja offered. The cow is the symbol of love and ever-giving and is symbolic of the Planet Venus.

Interesting Stories on Akshaya Tritiya from Vedic Mythology

In the Mahabharata, the Pandavas received the Akshaya Vessel (bowl) from Archetype Krishna on this day, and the Akshaya Vessel (Akshaya Patra) provided unlimited food for the Pandavas during their exile. For this reason, people believe that anything that is acquired on this day will be replenished, and hence conduct a special pooja for Goddess Lakshmi, buy new gold and silver ornaments, and invest money in shares and real estate.

Another story related to Akshaya Tritiya: Kusela went to meet his childhood friend, Archetype Krishna, on Akshaya Tritiya with the hope of solving his poverty, as Krishna was a very rich king. However, he could only afford to carry along some rice flakes to greet Krishna. Though he was ashamed initially to share the rice flakes with Krishna, Krishna forced him to give those flakes. The moment Krishna tasted those flakes, Kusela’s poverty vanished and he became rich overnight.

Astrological Significance of Akshaya Tritiya 2016 – May 9th (IST)

On this day, the Moon will be in the star Mrigasira, ruled by Mars. This star holds the energy to give fulfillment and joy. The Moon will be in his exalted sign in Taurus. Mars, the star lord, is along with Saturn in Scorpio, and will be receiving the aspect from the Moon.

Mrigasira star is related to searching. Hence, this is the right day to search for your destination and destiny. It is also a good day to start spiritual seeking. The star lord, Mars, in his own sign along with Saturn will help you persevere in your passion and drive.

The day is filled with the energy of Mars, the planet of passion, so you can seek to reach your ambition and overcome all challenges to your best ability. This is also the best day for you to be assertive and determined to reach your goal and ambition.

The association of Mars and the Moon is called Chandra Mangala yoga. This is a wealth-creating yoga. By offering prayers to Goddess Mahalakshmi on this day, you can receive divine favor from her in respect to wealth.

Chanting the below mantra 7 times will help you increase your wealth.


Recommended Additional Activities:

  • Buy rock salt; mix it in water and sprinkle in the corners of your house.
  • Donate milk to the poor.

Shodasa Mahalakshmi – 16 Forms of Lakshmi


  • 1) Yaso Lakshmi
  • 2) Vidya Lakshmi
  • 3) Dhairya Lakshmi
  • 4) Dhana Lakshmi
  • 5) Santhana Lakshmi
  • 6) Dhanya Lakshmi
  • 7) Gaja Lakshmi
  • 8) Veera Lakshmi
  • 9) Samrajya Lakshmi
  • 10) Moksha Lakshmi
  • 11) Soumya Lakshmi
  • 12) Siddha Lakshmi
  • 13) Sri Lakshmi
  • 14) Sowbhagya Lakshmi
  • 15) Prasanna Lakshmi
  • 16) Jaya Lakshmi

The 16 forms of Goddess Lakshmi are known as Shodasa Lakshmi and worshipping them is considered more commendable as the devotee will be bestowed with all forms of prosperity. Performing Shodasa Lakshmi Pooja helps devotees to attain all the 16 forms of aishwaryas such as fame, knowledge, courage and strength, victory, good children, Valor, gold and other properties, grains in abundance, bliss, intelligence, beauty, higher aim, high thinking and higher meditation, morality and ethics, longevity and good health.

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