Goddess Bhadrakali is a fierce manifestation of Mother Goddess Shakti. She is popularly worshipped in this form in Kerala and some parts of South India. Bhadrakali appeared from the forehead of Shiva to annihilate demon Darika.
The story of Bhadrakali and Goddess Kali is different. The character and ferociousness of both the deities are the same but the story of origin is different.
Bhadrakali is ferocious to those who practice Adharma. She is merciless to them. To those who practice Dharma, she is the kind mother. She is the protective mother who will never let any harm happen to her children.
STORY OF GODDESS BHADRAKALI
Legend has it that once Asuras, or demons, were defeated by Devas and they had to retreat to the netherworld. Two Asura women then did intense penance and propitiated Brahma who gave them the boon that they would give birth to two powerful sons.
In due course of time, the women had two sons named Danavendra and Darika.
Danavendra and Darika then did intense Tapas and propitiated Brahma. They attained the boon from Brahma that men, gods or demons would not be able to kill them. They also got the boon that they would have the strength of thousand elephants.
With such invincible powers, Danavendra and Darika attacked the Devas and drew them out of heaven.
Devas asked Sage Narada to help them. Sage Narada went to Kailash and asked Shiva to intervene and wipe out Adharma being propitiated by the demons.
Shiva then opened his third eye and Goddess Bhadrakali appeared from it.
This form of Mother Goddess Shakti was unimaginable. Devas or humans or demons had never such a ferocious Goddess.
The colossal body of Bhadrakali was jet black. She had three burning eyes and her mouth was like a huge cave. Two long saber like teeth were projecting out from it. Her black hair rolled down like a tumultuous river. She had innumerable arms and each holding a separate weapon. It was impossible to look at her face.
She went into battle against Danavendra and Darika.
The demon army was no match to Goddess Bhadrakali. All of them were crushed and killed. Then Danavendra was killed. Finally, Bhadrakali chopped the head of demon Darika.
TEMPLES OF BHADRAKALI
Goddess Bhadrakali temples are found throughout Kerala. Goddess Bhadrakali murti are usually made of Dharu or wood. Puja and rituals are performed on a separate metallic bimbam. Temple festivals associated with the Goddess are observed throughout the year. The rituals vary from region to region.
Goddess Bhadrakali is depicted with two, four, eight, sixteen, eighteen or 32 arms. The arms hold numerous weapons. She also holds the severed head of Demon Darika.
Tuesday and Fridays are the most auspicious days in a week associated with the Goddess. She is propitiated for early marriage; cure from diseases, peaceful life, and healthy children and for defeat of enemies.
Goddess BhadraKali: 7th day of Navratri
Bhadrakali is one of the powerful forms of Great Goddess Parvati or Devi as mentioned in the popular stories related to Devi. The Sanskrit meaning of Bhadra means the one who is full of blessings and good fortune and prosperity. Maha Maya Bhadrakali is the most popular form of Devi worshipped before the war by Rajputs and for black magics.
Appearance and Power of Maa Bhadrakali:
It is been said that Goddess Bhadrakali has aroused from The North and has three eyes and thus she is worshipped in the form of an idol that depicts the similar nature. The worshipper of Shiva is often seen paying their respect to Bhadrakali as she is taken the form for Lord Shiva. She carried lots of weapons that carries the power of many god and goddess including Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma for defense.
Legend behind Goddess BhardraKali:
Bhadrakali is considered to be a form of Goddess Parvathi who is the respectful wife of Lord Shiva in his Rudra form and it is also said in Puranas and mythology that Bhadrakali is the form of Parvathi taken to calm down Shiva when he takes the form of ViraBhadra. According to the Vayu Purana and the stories from Mahabharata, When Daksha, the demon insulted Lord Shiva during the Great Ashwamedha Yagna, Sati unable to bear the trauma sacrificed her life by falling into the pyre. When Shiva learnt about this, he took the form of ViraBhadra and to add to his power, Goddess Parvathi took the form of Maha Maya Bhadrakali.
There is another story that goes back to Darika who secured a boon from Lord Brahma that he would be excused from any type of death and he would remain unharmed by any form of death and destruction from a man. When the boon was granted, he started harassing and taking over the world and when Lord Shiva learnt about this, he created the Goddess Bhadrakali to kill the demon and gain the victory and peace over the world. He opened his fiery third eye from which the Goddess Bhadrakali appeared to destroy Darika and she sought the help of bloodthirsty ghosts and spirits who hail there. She successfully assassinated Darika as his boon did not say that he cannot be killed by a woman. She returns Kailash by holding the head of Darika.
Worship Goddess BhadraKali:
There are many famous Bhadrakali temples in Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tamilnadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
Mantra to be chanted related to Bhadrakali;
Aum asya shri Atharvana Bhadrakali maha mantrasya, Pratyangira Rsih,
Anustup chandah, Sree Atharvana Bhadrakali devata,
Ksham Bijam, Hum Shakthihi Phat Kilakam
Shri Atharvana Bhadrakali prasaada siddhyarthe jape viniyogah
(The mantra is chanted for the prosperity, fortune and good health of the people and the world. Let there be elimination of negativity and positive vibes remain all over making this a beautiful place to live in).
About “Maa Bhadrakali”
Bhadrakali is the popular form of Devi worshiped in Kerala. In Kerala she is considered the auspicious and fortunate form of Kali.
She is generally considered the consort of Shiva in the form of Rudra. But there is also a story that she is the consort of Virabhadra, who was himself born of the wrath of Rudra.
According to Vayu Purana and the Mahabharata, she came into being by Devi’s wrath, when Daksha insulted Shiva, during the great Ashvamedha Yagna (Horse-sacrifice).
According to Tantra Rahasya, she arose from the North (Uttaramnaya) face (Amnayas) of Shiva, which is blue in color and with three eyes.
It is believed that Bhadrakāli was a local deity that was assimilated into the mainstream Hinduism, particularly into Shaiva mythology. She is represented with three eyes, and four, twelve or eighteen hands. She carries a number of weapons, with flames flowing from her head, and a small tusk protruding from her mouth.
Some communities like the Kodavas and Nairs worship this deity. They worship certain weapons at their temples which they believe to be the weapons used by the goddess Bhadrakali. Goddess Bhadrakali is the tutelary deity of the Nadar community of TamilNadu.
1 Atharvana Bhadrakali
2 Folk Art ritual of Kerala and Bhadrakali
3 Priests of Bharakali temples
4 Famous Bhadrakali temples
This form of Bhadrakali, who is also known as Prathyangira Devi, has become popular in Tamil Nadu during the last decade. This form is of Puranic origin. She is propitiated to ward off the effects of black magic.
Folk Art ritual of Kerala and Bhadrakali
Statue of Bhadrakali in Madurai Meenakshi Temple
Kerala has a tradition of folk artist rituals associated with worship of Devi in the form of Bhadrakali. Though the Deity is often referred to as Kali it is the Bhadrakali form.
These rituals are performed in places of worship called “Kavu” (roughly translated as grove) or small temples. Besides general welfare of the village, these rituals aim at warding off of such calamities like Small Pox and other epidemic diseases.
Themes generally revolve around the triumph of Bhadrakali over the demon Daruka (Daarikan) and other evil characters.
The dance forms are:
Priests of Bharakali temples
Ezhavathy , a purohit community who were priests of all Bhadrakali temples in Kerala.
Famous Bhadrakali temples
Ma Bhadrakali Temple Ujjain
Mother Bhadrakali in a Temple in Itkhori
The ancient Bhadrakali Temple in Hanamakonda (Warangal), Andhra Pradesh. Bhadrakali (Maha Kali Mata) was the principal deity of the Hindu Kakatiya kingdom of Warangal (Oragallu or Ekashilanagaram) that ruled most of Andhra Pradesh during that period. Rituals and animal (and human, by some accounts) sacrifices on a large scale were performed to invoke the blessings of Goddess Bhadrakali before the Kakatiyas warriors went off for battle.
Thirumandhamkunnu temple at Angadippuram, Kerala
Kodungallur Bhagavathy Temple at Kodungallur, Kerala
Bhadrakali Temple in Kathmandu, Nepal
Chettikulangara Devi Temple, near Mavelikkara, Kerala
Panayannarkavu, near Mavelikkara, Kerala
Kadinamkulam Padickavilakom Bharanicadu Sree Bhagavathi Temple in Kerala
Pattupurakkavu Bhagavathi temple, Pandalam
Another temple of Bhadrakali is found at a place called Bajna at a distance of 36 km from Ratlam city in Malwa region. This Bhadrakali temple is of the period of Parmara rulers and known as Garhkhankhai mataji. This temple is situated in dense forested area of the valley at the sangam of Karan river and Mahi river. Raja Bhoj constructed this temple. This place is also recognized as shaktipitha in India. The excavations at this site has produced rare idols of Shiva in yoga pose, Lakshmi, Gajasursanhar, Surya and Nataraja. The world famous ‘Tripurasundari ma’ temple at a distance of 60 km from this place is situated at village Talwada in Banswara district in Rajasthan. An inscription of 1540 AD found here reveals that this temple was constructed prior to the rule of Kanishka. Some people[who?] believe it to be constructed before 3rd century AD. There was a very ancient place here known as ‘Garhpoli’ which is called as ‘Umarai’ at present. Excavations in 1982 at this place have produced idols of Shiva with Parvati on his thigh. Ganesha and Kartikeya are seated on both sides.
Bhadrakali Temple at Bhadran, Gujarat.
Bhadrakali Temple in Gokarna. This deity is said to be the protector of Gokarna.
Bhadrakali Temple in Kurushetra, Haryana is one of the oldest temple where Shreekrishna and Balram had their Mundan ceremony
Bhadrakali Temple in Bhadrak,is one one of the oldest shakti shrine of Orissa.The name of this ancient town derived from the name of goddess Bhadrakali.
Bhagwati Bhadrakali Shaktipeeth Ashram, Rajaldesar, Churu, Rajasthan.
Bhadrakali Temple at Itkhori, Jharkhand .
Shri Mayura Temple in Colombo, Sri Lanka
Bhadrakali Temple in Hanumangarh , Rajasthan
Shree Devi Bhadrakali Temple in Revandi north of Malvan, Sindhudurg district, Maharashtra.
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|Bhadrakālī (Good Kali, Mahamaya Kali)|
|Tamil script||பத்ர காளி|
|Mantra||oṁ glauṁ bhadrakālyai namaḥ|
|Weapon||Trident, Scimitar, Sword, Cleaver, Discus, Conch Shell, Spear, Mace, Vajra, Shield, Waterpot, Drinking Bowl, Goad, Dagger, Demon head|
Bhadrakālī (Sanskrit: भद्रकाली, Tamil: பத்ரகாளி, Telugu: భద్రకాళి, Malayalam: ഭദ്രകാളി, Kannada: ಭದ್ರಕಾಳಿ, Kodava: ಭದ್ರಕಾಳಿ) (literally “Good Kali,“) is a Hindu goddess popular in Southern India. She is one of the fierce forms of the Great Goddess (Devi) mentioned in the Devi Mahatmyam. Bhadrakali is the popular form of Devi worshipped in Kerala as Sri Bhadrakali and Kariam Kali Murti Devi. In Kerala she is seen as the auspicious and fortunate form ofKali who protects the good.
This goddess is represented with three eyes, and four, twelve, or eighteen hands. She carries a number of weapons, with flames flowing from her head, and a small tusk protruding from her mouth. Her worship is also associated with the Tantric tradition of the Matrikas as well as the tradition of the ten Mahavidyas and falls under the broader umbrella of Shaktism.
- 3Story of Darika
- 4Various traditions and forms of worship
- 5Martial arts and Bhadrakali
- 6Family deity of communities
- 7Kalidasa and Vikramaditya
- 8Folk Art ritual of Kerala and Bhadrakali
- 9Famous Bhadrakali Temples
- 11External links
In Sanskrit, Bhadra means good. A major religious interpretation of this name is that Bhadra comes from ‘Bha’ and ‘dra’, The letter ‘Bha’ means ‘delusion’ or ‘Maya’ in Devanagiri and ‘dra’ is used as a superlative i.e. meaning ‘the most/the greatest etc.’ which makes the meaning of Bhadra as Maha Maya. The Sanskrit word ‘Bhadra Kali’ therefore can be translated to Hindi as ‘Mahamaya Kali’.
There are at least three traditional versions regarding the origin-incarnations or avatar of Bhadrakali. The first version is from Devi Mahatmyam and basically a part of Shaktism, and it was during the battle between Raktabija and Shakti, according to this tradition. The second is associated with the Daksha and Dakshayaga, from the more Shaivism related tradition, and glimpses of this version can be seen in some Puranas. The third and the equally most famous one is her divine birth as the daughter of Shiva to liberate the world from demon Daruka.
According to Tantra Rahasya, she arose from the North (Uttaramnaya) face (Amnayas) of Shiva, which is blue in color and with three eyes.
Story of Darika
The demon Darika, after intense ascetic penances and practices, secured a boon from Lord Brahma that he would be invincible and would not get killed by any man. He began to harass the world and commit numerous crimes. When Lord Shiva came to know about the misdeeds of demon Darika, he became infuriated and created the Goddess Bhadrakali to kill the demon. Full of wrath, he opened his fiery third eye and the massive flaming form of Bhadrakali emerged. She was huge, wore a ferocious look and had countless heads, hands and legs. When Shiva requested Bhadra Kali to destroy Darika, she went through a forest and sought the help of bloodthirsty ghosts and spirits who lived there. When Darika saw Bhadrakali and her largely female army coming, he laughed and dismissed her, forgetting that his boon of invincibility did not prevent his being killed by a woman. After a fierce battle, Bhadrakali and her assistants finally finished him off, and the Goddess began to return home from Kailash, full of wrath and excitement and holding the head of Darika in her left hand. When she reached Kailash, her husband Shiva tempted to calm her wrath by dancing naked before her and offering her worship. She was satisfied and henceforth began to receive offerings from devotees as a boon from Shiva.
Various traditions and forms of worship
According to the Kerala traditions, the events described in the Markandeya Purana associated with Bhadrakali (her slaying of the demon Darika to liberate the universe from the evil) took place in Kerala, near Madayi in the Kannur District. Bhadrakali temples in Kerala commemorate this event during traditional festivals and Bhadrakali is worshipped as the daughter of Lord Shiva, from whose third eye she sprung to defeat the demon. According to the Markandeya Purana, her worship purifies the devotee and grants liberation from the cycle of birth and death. She is seen to protect the honour of women and to bestow all spiritual knowledge. In Kerala, she called Virabhadra her “brother” and refused to be treated by him when she was attacked by the deity Vasoorimala, who had marked her face withsmallpox. She said that a brother must not touch the face of his sister. Thus, mild pockmarks are sometimes visible on her face in some Keralan depictions of her.
Among the people of the neighboring states, especially in Tamil Nadu, this form of Shakti is known as ‘Malayala Bhagavathy’ or ‘Malayala Bhadrakali’, who provides protection to her devotees irrespective of caste and religion.
In Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and the Southern Travancore area of Kerala, especially in the city of Thiruvananthapuram, the Tamil, Kannada and Telugu speaking communities worship a form of Mahakali as ‘Ujjaini Mahakali’, and they consider EmperorVikramaditya as their first teacher in this spiritual tradition as having established the tradition in the South.
In other parts of India, the Tantric name ‘Kali‘ or ‘Mahakali‘ is generally more popular as the consort of Shiva in his form of Rudra or Mahakala, and Bhadrakali is identified as Durga‘s daughter who helped her during the battle with Raktabija. Other sources state that she is the sister of Virabhadra, who was himself born of the wrath of Shiva as Rudra, and that she is the consort of a form of Mahakala or Bhairava. The deeply Tantric-influenced traditions mostly consider ‘Kali’ as the consort of Shiva.
Martial arts and Bhadrakali
It is believed Bhadrakali protects the practitioners of Kalarippayattu, a traditional martial arts form. In Malabar, it is believed that all the victories of Thacholi Othenan and other martial artists were due to the blessings of Bhadrakali of the Lokanarkavu Temple, also known as ‘The Shaolin Temple of Malayalees‘. Most traditional villages in Kerala have their own Kalari, the ancient martial arts schools and local temples dedicated to Bhadrakali associated with them. Among Tamils, Bhadrakali is equally important as the patron deity of traditional martial arts and a guardian of all law-abiding citizens.
Family deity of communities
Some communities, like the Kodavas and Nairs, worship this deity as family deity. They worship certain weapons at their temples which they believe to be the weapons used by the goddess. The Kuladevata or community deity ofKudumbi community is Kodungalluramma,the mother goddess of kodungallur. Kodungallur Bhagavathy Temple is one of the most famous temples in Kerala, dedicated to Bhadrakali. During the ‘thalappoli’ festival, which is celebrated mainly on Makar Sankranti, kudumbi people from all over the state (especially South Kerala) come to the temple. Bhadrakali is also the tutelary deity of the Nadar community of Tamil Nadu.
Kalidasa and Vikramaditya
According to legends, the famous Indian Sanskrit poet Kalidasa became what he was thanks to the divine will of Bhadrakali. Another legend states that the emperor Vikramaditya and his brother Bhatti were also ardent devotees of Bhadrakali, whose blessings resulted in all the success showered upon them. Vikramaditya also helped to establish small wayside Bhadrakali temples and prayer centers for pilgrims in many parts of Southern India, especially in Tamil Nadu. The devotional traditions focused around these small temples exist even today.
Folk Art ritual of Kerala and Bhadrakali
Kerala has a tradition of folk artist rituals and dances associated with worship of Devi in the form of Bhadrakali. These rituals are performed in places of worship called Kavu (roughly translated as grove) or in small temples. Besides the general welfare of the village, these rituals aim at warding off of such calamities like smallpox and other epidemic diseases. The ritual themes generally revolve around the triumph of Bhadrakali over the demon Darika and other evil characters.
The dance forms are:
- Alpindi Vilakku
Famous Bhadrakali Temples
- Bhadrakali mata temple at village kolar tehsil Paonta Sahib, distt Sirmour, himachal pradesh. It is 22 km from paonta sahib on NH72. The idol in this temple is huge. The temple is being visited by pilgrims.
- There is a famous Bhadrakali temple in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. It is believed that she protects the city, hence the position of the temple is near the city fort. 
- Bhadrakali temple at Itkhori, Chatra. It is 35 km on the East of Chatra and 16 km west of Chauparan connected with Grand Trunk Road.Along with the temple situated on the bank of river Mahanada (Mahane), surrounded by hill and forest, there is a water reservoir which has a natural beauty of its own.
- Pongini Sree Bhadrakali Paradhevatha Pullimalamma Temple, Wayanad, Kerala. One of the most famous Bhadrakali temple in North Kerala, situated at Pongini, Wayanad, Kerala. The temple is a complex of PARADEVATHA, BHADRAKALI and PULLIMALAMMA Shrines situated in a hilly area surrounded by green beauty.The name “pongini” (pongi née) indicates that this deity was a “swayambhoo” (self existent) .There are number of living examples of devi’s blessed devotees and events in and around Wayanad.
- Pathiyanadu Sree Bhadrakali Temple – a highly famous revered shrine in Kerala, India. The shrine is in Mullassery. It is 1.5 kilometres (0.93 miles) from Karakulam.
- Vazhappully temple, Vazhappully Temple in Thrissur, Kerala is a Hindu Temple famous for Guruthi Pooja for Goddess Kali. Guruthi Pooja at Vazhappully Temple is offered for the fierce form of Goddess Kali at Night. During Guruthi pooja the guruthi is offered to the Goddess. Guruthi is a creamed mixture of Turmeric, slaked lime and other pooja ingredients. Guruthi represents blood which is vitality.
- Thiruvarkadu Bhagavaty Temple in Payangadi, Kannur, Kerala is the first and foremost Bhadrakali Temple at a place believed to be the fortress of Darukasura. Bhadrakali beheaded Darika here. The Shakteya Sampradaya pooja is well known here. It is done by Bhattarakas (Pidararas) who are migrant priests from Kashmir and Bengal. The idol of Bhadrakali is around 6 feet tall and is portrayed in the form of slaying Daruka. Tiruvarkattu Bahagavaty Temple is famous for the removal of black magic.
- Kodungallur Bhagavathy Temple, Thrissur, Kerala; is one of the oldest temple in India built during the Sangam age. Mahodayapuram (Kodungallur) was the capital of the Chera Empire which ruled Kerala. Shri Bhadrakali in her fierce form is worshipped along with Mahadevar(Siva) and Saptamathrukkal.
- Thirumandhamkunnu Temple at Angadippuram, Kerala; A famous temple of Shri Bhadrakali, for marriage and child.
- Kottekkavu Bhagavathy temple at Kottappady near Kothamangalam one of the oldest of kali temples and famous for the Muduyet ritual held once in every 12 years “Garudan Thookkam on “Meena Bharani”,”Sathrutha samhara pooja” and “.”Rakhshassinum sarpathinum padmamittu nivediam”.
- Kalarivathukkal Bhagavathy Temple, Kannur, Kerala; the fierce form of Bhadrakali, as the mother of the martial art Kalaripayattu. Theyyam the folk dance in Malabar starts with the permission of the Chirakkal Raja and the final theyyam in entire Kerala is in Kalarivathukkal Temple. The rituals are in Sakteya method.
- Tirumanthamkunnu Temple, angadipuram, malappuram dist
- Chettikulangara Devi Temple, near Mavelikkara, Kerala
- Panayannarkavu, near Mavelikkara, Kerala
- Pattupurakkavu Bhagavathi temple, Pandalam
- Kadakambil Bhadrakaali Devi Temple, Neyyattinkara, Thiruvananthapuram. The temple worships more than 30 deities. The main deity being Goddess Bhadrakaali, daughter of Lord Shiva. The temple is open almost everyday, and offers a hearty welcome to all beings, regardless of cast and creed.
- Azhoor Bhagavathy Temple, Azhoor, Thiruvananthapuram.
- Rajarajeshwari Temple, Perunguzhi, Thiruvananthapuram.
- Chilambil Bhagavathy Temple, Chilambil, Thiruvananthapuram.
- Anicad Sree Bhagavathi Temple – located at Anicad, Kottayam district
- Sarkaradevi Temple, in Thiruvananthapuram
- Malayalappuzha Devi Temple, in Pathanamthitta
- Elangavath kavu – Moovatupuzha, Eranakulam dist. kerala
- Bharanikavu temple kattanam, near mavelikara, alappuzha
- Nanatty Bhagavathy vishnumaya temple 4 km FROM CHALAKUDY,THRISSUR DISTRICT,KERALA
- Paramekkavu Bagavathi Temple in Thrissur.
- Pisharikavu, Koyilandy, Kozhikode,
- Kadinamkulam Padickavilakom Bharanicadu Sree Bhagavathi Temple – Bhadrakali temple located in Kadinamkulam. The festival starts on the Shivrathri day of every year.
- Vellayani Devi Temple, Trivandrum, Kerala. One of the most famous Bhadrakali temple, situated at Vellayani, Trivandrum, Kerala conducting longest non-pilgrimage festival in India (60 days of festival once in 3 years). Idol in this temple is very huge and made up of pure gold. Temple is very ancient and it is calculated as 800 years old. The temple is entirely different from other temples due to its traditional rituals.
- Pathirakali Amman Temple, Trincomalee, is on Konesar Road, near Swami Rock (Konamalai), home of Koneswaram temple
- Mulluthara Devi Temple, Sree Bhadra Kali & Kariam Kali Moorthi devis – Adoor, Malamekkara, Pathanamthitta, Kerala
- Mathur mannampully kali Bagavathi Temple in Palakkad.
- Kodimatha Pallipurathu Kavu Bhagavathy Temple
- Kunninmelkkavu Bhagavathi Temple, Ezhumanthuruth, (Kottayam).
- Ma Bhadrakali Temple Ujjain
- Kalika Mata Temple, Chittorgarh
- A temple of Bhadrakali is found at a place called Bajna at a distance of 36 km from Ratlam city in Malwa region. This Bhadrakali temple is of the period of Parmara rulers and known as Garhkhankhai mataji. This temple is situated in dense forested area of the valley at the sangam of Karan river and Mahi river. Raja Bhoj constructed this temple. This place is also recognized as shaktipitha in India. The excavations at this site has produced rare idols of Shiva in yoga pose, Lakshmi, Gajasursanhar, Surya and Nataraja. The world famous ‘Tripurasundari ma’ temple at a distance of 60 km from this place is situated at village Talwada in Banswara district in Rajasthan. An inscription of 1540 AD found here reveals that this temple was constructed prior to the rule of Kanishka. Some people[who?]believe it to be constructed before the 3rd century AD. There was a very ancient place here known as ‘Garhpoli’ which is called as ‘Umarai’ at present. Excavations in 1982 at this place have produced idols of Shiva with Parvati on his thigh. Ganesha and Kartikeya are seated on both sides.
- Vadamattam – 612201, Near Kumbakonam, Arulmigu Sree Vadapathirakali, facing north with Hongara roopam, Perumal molavar.
- Thoothukudi, Poobalarayerpuram, Arulmigu Bhadrakali Amman Kovil – Amman kodai – Chithirai Last Tuesday, Dasara Car Festival.
- Thoothukudi, Sivagnanapuram, Arulmigu Bhadrakali Amman Kovil – Amman kodai – Avani First Tuesday, Samy kodai – Panguni First Friday.
- Theni Pathirakalipuram,Pathirakalipuram Arulmigu Bhadrakali Amman Kovil – Amman kodai – Chithirai 3rd Tuesday.
- Sivakasi, Arulmigu Bhadrakali Amman Kovil.
- Coimbatore, Mettupalayam, Arulmigu Vana-Bhadrakali Amman Kovil.
- Bhadrakali Temple in Warangal, Telangana. Bhadrakali (Maha Kali Mata) was the principal deity of the Hindu Kakatiya kingdom of Warangal (Orugallu or Ekasila nagaram) that ruled most of Andhra Pradesh during that period. Rituals and animal (and human, by some accounts) sacrifices on a large scale were performed to invoke the blessings of Goddess Bhadrakali before the Kakatiya warriors went off for battle. As per the writings on the temple wall this temple is believed to be constructed by the King Pulakeshin II of Chalukya dynasty around 625 CE
- Kalighat Kali Temple, Kalighat Kali Temple is a Hindu temple in West Bengal, India dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kali. It is one of the 51 Shakti Peethas.The temple is visited by pilgrims from all over India irrespective of sectarian differences.Kalighat is also associated with the worship offered to Kali by a Dasanami Monk by name Chowranga Giri, and the Chowringee area of Calcutta is said to have been named after him.
Bhadrakali is the popular form of Devi worshipped in Kerala as Sri Bhadrakali and Kariam Kali Murti Devi. In Kerala she is seen as the auspicious and fortunate form of Kali who protects the good. This goddess is represented with three eyes, and four, twelve, or eighteen hands.
Orissa Review. September – 2009. Bhadrakali : A Complete Study. Dr. Soma Chand. GoddessBhadrakali, Bhadrak. Rivers have always played a dominant role …
Bhadrakāli (Telugu: భద్రకాలి, Malayalam: ഭദ്രകാളി, Sanskrit: भद्रकाली), is one of the … Bhadrakali is the popular form of Devi worshiped in Kerala.
Bhadrakali is one of the powerful forms of Great Goddess Parvati and worshipped before war and for black magic.
The intoxication and ferocious demeanor of Bhadrakali is reflective of the inner process of the Tantric path.
with worship of Devi (GodMother) in the form of Bhadrakali. This may be traced to the region’s strong Dravidian and Tribal cultural roots. Remarkable similarity of …
Goddess Kali, Force of Kala, Durga, Bhadrakali, Sati, Rudrani, Parvati, Chamunda, Hindu Goddess Kali, Goddess Kali Ma, Mother Goddess as Kali, Dark …